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中藥詞典    Chinese Herb Dictionary      

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bai zhu   白朮     (in English and Chinese 中英文)

Translated and edited by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu   朱興國編譯

cang zhu 蒼朮

Click to enlarge picture.

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae

Biological name:

拉丁植物學名﹕

Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz

Atractylodes ovata De Candolle

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

byakujutsu

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

paekch'ul

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵語發音﹕

baak6 seot6

Other Names:

別名﹕

dong zhu 冬 朮
xia zhu 夏 朮
yun zhu
tai bai zhu 台 白朮
wa zhu 蛙 朮
ji yan zhu   雞 眼朮
chi li qie 吃力伽
shan ji 山薊
shan jiang 山薑
shan lian 山連
shan jie 山芥
tian su 天蘇
tian jing 山精
tian ji 天薊
zhu
yang bao 楊抱
bao ji 抱薊
ma ji 馬薊

Common Name:

英文普通名﹕

Bighead atractylodes rhizome

Distribution:

分佈:

mainly produced in Zhejiang, Hubei, Hunan, Jianxi provinces of China.

主產於浙江,湖北,湖 南,江西等地。

Properties (characteristics):

性味﹕

aromatic, slightly acrid, non toxic and sweet.  It is a little sticky when chewed.

 甘, 略 甜﹐溫。無毒 。嚼之略黏。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經﹕

Related to spleen and stomach channels.

入脾﹐胃經。

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

Traditionally, it is being used inpixu (spleen deficient) with lack of appetite, flatulence with diarrhea, abundance of phlegm, dizziness, palpitation, edema, instant sweating, and  excessive fetus movements.

  • for hardening of liver, liver cancer. In case of yinxu, use raw bai zhu plus other yin enhancing herbs according  to diagnostics. (1)

  •  children drooling  (2)

  •  Meniere's disease (3)

  •  constipation (4)

  •  chronic back pain (5)

  •   acute infection of intestine (6)

  •   low white cell count (8)

  1. Stir-fried bai zhu is being used in improving digestive and for getting rid of yeast infection.

  2. Charred bai zhu is being used in helping digestion and appetite.

  3. Earth fried bai zhu is being used in improving digestion and arresting diarrhea.

  4. Bran fried bai zhu is suitable for those with weak digestion and with chronic diarrhea.

傳統上,用於用於脾 虛食少,腹脹泄瀉,痰飲眩悸,水腫 ,自汗,胎動不安。

現在臨床上常用於﹕

  • 肝硬化,肝癌。 如陰 虛者須用生白朮 按辯證加上其他養 陰藥

  • 小兒流口水。

  • 耳水不平衡疾病 。

  • 便秘。

  • 長期腰背痛。

  • 急性腸感染。

  • 白血球數量低下 。

  1. 健 脾燥濕;

  2. 助 消化,開胃氣;

  3. 土炒白朮補脾胃,止泄瀉;

  4. 麩炒白朮宜於脾胃虛弱,慢性腹瀉的病人。

Medical Functions:

藥理﹕

Medical Functions:

1. Digestive System

(1) Protects Liver: Extraction of bai zhu  (by boiling with water) was given to lab mice that had liver damage caused by carbon chloride. It lessened the necrosis and mutation of liver cells, and improved the new growth of the liver cells. It lowered the glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (GPT) that was increased

   (2) Improves gall secretion

   (3) Prevents ulcer of stomach

   (4) Improves movements of intestines and bowels

   (5) gastroprotective on stomach mucus effect

2.  Diuretics

3.   Improves immune system

4.  Anti Cancer

    Laboratory tests showed that neutral oil of the vaporizing oil  bai zhu could inhibit esophagus  cancer cells. 10mg/ml/hour could detach all the cancer cells. 5mg/ml/hour could detach most of the cancer cells and damaged the remaining cells. The nucleus became hazy and the cells became empty bubbles.

5.  Affects heart and blood vessels

6.  Lowers blood sugar

7.  Anti coagulation of blood

8.   Anti bacteria

 

  1. 對消化系統作用 ﹕(1)保肝作用﹕用白朮水煎劑給喂給氯化碳之小鼠,可以減輕肝臟壞死與突變,改 善肝細胞的新的增長點。它降低增 高了的谷氨酸丙酮酸轉氨酶(GPT)(即ALT) (2) 增加膽汁分泌 (3) 防止胃潰瘍(4)促進腸胃蠢動。(2)增加膽汁分泌 。(3)防止潰瘍。(4)抗癌作用:(5)保護胃粘膜

  2. 排水

  3. 增強免疫系統

  4. 抗癌

  5. 對心血管作用﹕

  6. 降低血糖

  7. 抗血凝

  8. 抗菌

Chemical ingredients:

化學成分﹕

The root contains about 1.4% of  vaporizing oil:

根莖含揮發油 大约1.4%:

humulene

α-及β-葎 草烯

β-elemol

β-欖香醇

α-curcumene

α姜黃烯

atractlone

蒼朮酮

3β-acetoxyatractylone

3β-乙酰氧 基蒼朮酮

selina- 4(15),7(11)-diene-8-one

芹子二烯酮[

eudesmol

桉葉醇

palmitic acid

棕櫚酸

hinesol

茅朮醇

β-selinene

β-芹子烯

Sesquiterpene lactone compounds:[3]

倍半萜內酯化 合物:[3]

atractylenolide)-Ⅰ,-Ⅱ,-Ⅲ

白朮內酯 -Ⅰ,-Ⅱ,-Ⅲ

8β-ethoxyatractylenolide-Ⅱ

8β-乙氧基 蒼朮內酯-Ⅱ

polyacetylenes compounds: [4]

多炔類化合物 :[4]

14-acetyl-12-senecioyl-2E,8Z,10E- atracetylentriol

14-乙酰基-12-千 裡光酰基-8-順式折朮三醇

14-acetyl-12-senecioyl-2E,8E,10E- atractylentriol

14-乙酰基 各裡光酰基-8-反式白朮三醇

12-senecioyl-2E,8Z,10E- atracetylentriol

12-千裡光 光酰基-8-順式白朮三醇

12-senecioyl-2E,8E,10E- atractylentriol

12-千裡光 酰基-8-反式白朮三醇

12α-methyl butyryl-14-acetyl-2E,8Z,10E-atractylentriol

12α-甲基 丁酰基-14-乙酰基-8-順式白朮三醇

12α-methylbutyryl-14-acetyl-2E,8E,10E-atractylentriol

12α-甲基 丁酰基-14-乙酰基-8-反式白朮三醇

14α-methyl butyryl-2E,8Z,10E-atractylentriol

14α-甲基 丁酰基-8-順式白朮三醇

14α-methyl butyryl-2E,8E,10E-atractylentriol

14α-甲基 丁酰基-8-反式白朮三醇

Also contains:

另含

scopoletin [3]

東莨菪素

fructose

果糖

mannan

菊糖

mannan the possess active immune characteristics

具免疫活性的 甘露聚糖AM-3[6]

aspartic acid

天冬氨酸

serine

絲氨酸

glutamic acid

穀氨酸

alanine

丙氨酸

glycine

甘氨酸

valine

纈氨酸

isoleucine

異亮氨酸

leucine

亮氨酸

tyrosine

酪氨酸

phenylalanine

苯丙氨酸

lysine

賴氨酸

histidine

組氨酸

arginine

精氨酸

proline

脯氨酸

Dosage:

用量 ﹕

5 to 15 g.

Concentrated extract: 05 to 2 g.

5 - 15 克 。

濃縮中藥:0.52

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

  1. Ban Xia Bai Zhu Tian Ma Tang, 半夏白朮天麻湯

  2. Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang, 補中益氣湯

  3. Gui Pi Tang, 歸脾湯

  4. Huo Xiang Zheng Qi Tang, 藿香正氣湯

  5. Li Zhong Wan, 理中丸

  6. Si Jun Zi Tang, 四君子湯

  7. Shi Quan Da Bu Tang, 十全大補湯

  8. wu ling san 五苓 散

  9. Xiao Yao Wan, 逍遙丸

  10. Yu Ping Feng San, 玉屏風散

  11. Zhen Wu Tang 真武湯

  12. zhi dai fang 止帶方

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

Gastro-intestinal mobility

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

use caution in  cases of yinxu (yin deficient)

陰虛者小心用之。

 
A report from Shanghai Donghua Hospital and others:

Using ai ye disinfection incense, (made by Shanghai Everyday Chemical Products), which consists of 30% of cang zhu powder and 20% of ai ye powder, smoking 4 hours, can kill off β-Hemolytic streptococcus- A group﹐pneumonococcus﹐Hemophilus Influenzae and Staphylococcus aureus etc. Smoking 8 hours can kill off Pseudomonas aeruginosa),and can inhibit the growth of Bacillus subtilis.

上海華東醫院等單位報導,用含艾葉的消毒香(上 海日用 化學品試制, 含 蒼朮粉30%,艾葉粉20%) 烟熏4小時能殺滅乙型溶血性鏈球菌A群 (β-Hemolytic streptococcus- A group)﹐ 肺炎 球菌 (pneumonococcus)﹐ 流感桿菌 (Hemophilus influenzae)和金黄色葡萄球菌 (Staphylococcus aureus)等 ,烟熏8小時能殺滅綠膿桿菌 (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)., 并能抑制枯草桿菌 (Bacillus subtilis)的生長。

Bibliography

Note: cang zhu is being used often in ridding of fungal and bacterial infections.

smoke of burning cang zhu is being used in space sterilizing of fungi in dwellings.

 

More material to be loaded. If you need more information or bibliography in a hurry email our research librarian. The link is located on the left menu.There is a research fee charged.

 

 ===========================================

Experimental Study for Effects of Some Chinese Herbals on
Gastrointestinal Motility

ZHU Jinzhao LENG En-ren GUI Xian-yong   CHEN Dong-feng.
(Department of Digestion,Daping Hospital and Institute of Surgery Research,
The Third Military Medical University,Chongqing 400042)

  Abstract:

Objective: To study the effects of 10 Chinese herbals on gastrointestinal motility. Methods: The effects of each Chinese herbal on gastric emptying and intestinal propulsion of rats were investigated in vivo by measuring intro-gastric remainder rate and propulsive proportion of small intestine of dextran blue 2000.Results:The gastric emptying or intestinal propulsion was enhanced by these Chinese herbals (P<0.05 or 0.01),of these, both gastric emptying and intestinal propulsion in atractylodes macrocephala group were very marked higher than that of control (P<0.01).Conclusion:10 Chinese herbals have gastrointestinal motility promoting action, the best one is atractylodes macrocephala.
  Key words: Gastric emptying, Intestinal propulsion, Gastrointestinal motility, Atractylodes macrocephala, Agastache rugosa, Rats

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Last update: Aug 18, 2014; 11:45 a.m. LAH