general it is used in pain, coughing, gastritis, ulcer of stomach,
abdomen pain, diarrhe, jaundice, chronic bronchitis, whooping cough.
External application is being used in dermatitis from working in wet
rice fields, insect bites.
for treating blood stasis due to overwork, irregular menses, pain during
herb with roots: being used in arresting swelling, pain, toxin. It is
being used in pain in the digestive tract and ulcers.
It is being used in Europe for gall bladder stone and weak digestion.
This herb is not commonly used in China today.