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cAMP  環腺苷單磷酸  (in English and Chinese 中英文)

 Compiled and translated by Joe Hing Kwok Chu    按此看中文

cAMP (cyclic adenosine mono phosphate) is usually pronounced as cyclic AMP. It is a hormone of the hormones. Hormones is either a peptide (a simple protein) or steroid that regulates the function of the body or the growth of the body. cAMP also known as 2nd messenger whereas hormones are called the 1st messenger. It is a helper of hormones which is called the 1st messenger.

cAMP is the abbreviation for cyclic adenosine mono phosphate, a cyclic nucleotide of adenosine that acts at the cellular level to regulate various metabolic processes and mediate the effects of many hormones; so it is also known as second messenger where hormones are the first messengers.

Note:

Adenosine is a nucleoside (C10H13N5O4), composed of adenine linked to ribose, that is a structural component of nucleic acids and the major molecular component of ADP, AMP, and ATP.

Adenine is a purine base ( C5H5N5), that is the constituent involved in base pairing with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA.

Ribose is a pentose sugar ( C5H10O5), occurring as a component of riboflavin, nucleotides, and nucleic acids.

Pentose is any of a class of monosaccharides having five carbon atoms per molecule and including ribose and several other sugars.

Monosaccharide is any of several carbohydrates, such as tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Also called simple sugar.

carbohydrate is any of a group of organic compounds that includes sugars, starches, celluloses, and gums and serves as a major energy source in the diet of animals. These compounds are produced by photosynthetic plants and contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio 1:2:1.

Source: American Heritage Dictionary

環腺苷單磷酸

 它 可以看作一種荷爾蒙(激素)的荷爾蒙。荷爾蒙是一種肽(一個簡單的蛋白質)或固醇。其功能為調節身體或調節身體的生長。cAMP 也被稱為第二信使,而荷爾蒙(激素)被稱為第一信使。cAMP 是一個第一信使(激素)的助手。
cAMP是環磷酸腺苷單磷酸的縮寫,是腺苷的環核苷酸。它在細胞內調節各種代謝過程和調解許多荷爾蒙的作用,所以它也被稱為第二信使的激素是第一信使。
 

註:
腺苷的組成是屬於核糖腺嘌呤核苷(C10H13N5O4),這是一個核酸和ADP,AMP和ATP分子的主要組成部分的結構組成部分。
腺嘌呤是一種嘌呤鹼(C5H5N5),這是參與胸腺嘧啶在DNA和RNA中的尿嘧啶鹼基配對組成。
核糖是一種戊糖(C5H10O5),核黃素的組成部分,核苷酸,核酸。

 

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Last update: Dec 21, 2014; 11 p.m. LAH