Hing Kwok Chu
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see picture of herb.
Crevost et Lem. (cao guo 草果)
Linn.(bai dou kou白豆蔻);
Roxb.(dou kou 豆蔻)
Pierre ex Gagnep ;
Soland et Maton (Indonesian bai dou kou)﹔
Pron. in Cantonese:
cao dou kou 草豆叩、cao kou ren草蔻仁、草叩仁、cao
Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan
provinces of China and Vietnam,
|Actions & Indications:
pain, flatulence, belching, indigestion due to
qi stagnation , vomiting, malarial disorders, drunkenness from alcohol
|Samples of Combinations:
with zhi mu for malaria
with chang shan to
improve inhibiting malaria
with sha ren improves
digestive function and spleen yang and rid of dampness.
with hou po improves
digestion and rid of dampness.
with bai dou kou
improves getting rid of dampness, warms stomach and getting rid of cold,
relieves pain, and stops vomiting.
1.5 to 6 g
of cao guo:
and β-pinene expells phlegm and inhibits cough.
can have calming, pain relieving and asthma inhibiting effects
β-pinenean has strong anttibiotic and anti-inflammation effects; geraniol
has strong antibiotic and antifungal effects
amount of cao guo can stimulate intestine but large amount inhibits it.
when taken orally geraniol inhibited the activities of the digestive tract
of rats. Small amount mildly promotes urination.
of round worms of guinea pigs.
oil: fruit contains 1.6%; seeds contains 2.2%; skin contains0.38%. The essential
oil contains 33.94%of 1,8-cineole, 11.78% of trans-2-undecenal. Also contains
α--pinene, β-pinene, camphor, Linalool, p-cymene,
nonanal, decanal, a--terpineol,
neral-a,-b, geraniol, nerolidol and geranial.
Do not use in cases of
(qi deficiency) and fire is high in lung and stomach with no cold dampness
. (more to be uploaded).
Roasting the herb cut down the side effects.
Half of the laboratory rat fed geraniol died.
The lethal dosage is 4.9g/kg. For rabbits, the lethal injection dosage was
Cao guo which are processed by smoking can
be carcinogens when taken for a long period.
Botanical Dictionary, by Shang Wu Publishing Co. 1918 。 商務出版植物大詞典
rou dou kou is another herb. It belongs to Myristicaceae.
See sorting Amomum
Stomach qi stagnation: usually because
pixu (spleen deficiency) which causes weak digestion.