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Chemical Ingredients of ji gu cao (Abrus precatorius;Abrusfruticulosus Wall.ex Wight.et.Arn; Abrus cantoniensis)

 

雞骨草的化學成份

 

 Edited by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu   

 

Back to ji gu cao page.  按此回到雞骨草頁

 

The seed contains:相思種子含:
abrine相思子鹼
abraline相思子靈
hypaphorine下箴刺桐鹼
methyl ester of N, N-dimethyltryptophan methocationN,N-二甲基色氨酸甲酯的甲陽離子(即下箴刺桐鹼甲酯)
Precatorine相思豆鹼
choline膽鹼
trigonelline胡蘆巴鹼
abrinⅠ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ含相思子毒蛋白Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ
Abrus precatorius agglutinin (lectin)Ⅰ、Ⅱ相思子凝集素Ⅰ、Ⅱ
ricin蓖麻毒蛋白
abricin相思子甾醇
abridin相思子甾酮知
squalene角鯊烯
β-amyrinβ-香樹脂醇
cycloartenol環木菠蘿烯酸
stigmasterol豆甾醉
β-sitosterolβ-谷甾醇
cholesterol膽甾醇
campesterol菜油甾醇
5β-cholanic acid5β-膽烷酸
abrussic acid相思子酸
sophoradiol槐花二醇
sophoradiol-22-O-acetate槐花二醇-22-O-乙酸酯
bederagenin methyl ester常春藤皂甙元甲酯
kaikasaponin Ⅲ methyl ester槐花皂甙Ⅲ甲酯
abrisaPogenol J相思子皂醇 J
trimethyltryptophan三甲基色氨酸
abrusin相思子素
abrusin-2- O-apioside相思子素-2-O-芹菜糖甙
galactose半乳糖
arabinose阿拉伯糖
xylose木糖
polysaccharide多糖
黃酮類化合物
Skin of the seed contains" 種子皮中含:
gallic acid0.6%-0.8%沒食子酸
abranin相思子甙
xyloglucosyldelPhinidin木糖葡萄糖基飛燕草素
p-coumaroylgalloylglucosyldelphinidin對-香豆酰沒食子酰基葡萄糖基飛燕草素
The core of seed contains: 種仁中還含有
abrectorin相思子黃酮
(desmethoxycentaureidin-7-O-rutinoside去甲氧基矢車菊黃酮素-7-O-芸香糖甙
luteolin木犀草素
orientin葒草素
isoorientin異葒草素
Ash of seed contains: 種子灰分中含:
Fe, Al, Ca, Si, Mg, sulfate, phosphate鐵,鋁,鈣,硅,鎂,硫酸鹽,磷酸鹽。
Whole herb contains: 全草含:
L-abrine相思子鹼(N-甲基色氨酸)
Choline膽鹼
Sterols甾醇化合物
Flavonoids黃酮類
Animo acid氨基酸
sugar糖類
Abrusosides A, B, C and D红豆甙 A, B, C

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Last update: Mar 16, 2009; 2:17 p.m. LAH