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chen pi, ju pi  陳皮, 橘皮 (in English and Chinese 中英文)

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

See picture of herb.   按此看陳皮圖

Pharmaceutical name:

英文药名 :

Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae  

Biological name:

拉丁學名 :

Citrus reticulata Blanco

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音 :

chinpi

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音 :

chinpi

Pron. in Cantonese

粤語發音 :

can4 pei4

Other Names:

別名:

hong ju, da hong pao, chuan ju.

紅橘、大紅袍、川橘。

Common Name:

英文名:

Tangerine Peel

Distribution:

分佈:

Guangdong, Fujian, Sichuan,Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan, Yunnan, Guizhou

Properties (characteristics):性 味:

bitter, acrid, warm.

苦﹐辛﹐溫。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

lung, spleen

肺﹐脾

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

qi deficient, excessive phlegm,  flatulence, belching,  lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting, loose stool.

功能﹕理氣 ,健脾 ,燥 溼 ,化痰 。

 主治﹕ 氣 虛,胸 腹漲滿 ,食 慾 減退 , 嘔吐 , 噦逆 , 咳嗽痰多 ,解 食蟹毒 。

Medical function:

藥理作用﹕

Medical function:

  1. improves digestion

  2. stops vomiting and hiccups

  3. expels phlegm

  4. stops bleeding

  5. increases blood pressure

  6. stimulates blood vessels

  7. inhibits movements of digestive tract

  8. inhibits movements of uterus

  9. antibiotic

藥理作用﹕

  1. 健 胃 ,

  2. 降 逆 止 嘔 ,

  3. 袪 痰  ,

  4. 止 血  ,

  5. 升 高 血 壓 ,

  6. 興 奮 血 管 ,

  7. 抑 制 腸 胃 運 動,

  8. 抑 制 子 宮 運 動  。

  9. 抑 菌 作 用  。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例:

er chen tang 二陳湯

ju pi zhu ru tang 橘皮竹茹湯

ren shen jian pi wan 人参健脾丸

For treatment of early stage acute mastitis: 治初期急性乳腺炎:jin yin hua 24 g, pu gong ying 15 g, lian qiao 9 g, chen pi 9 g, qing pi 6 g, raw gan cao 9 g. Boil with water twice. Make into 2 servings. One dose per day. If sickness is serious, 2 dosages per day can be taken. (Middle Medical Journal, (3):167,1964)

金銀花八 錢,蒲 公英五錢,連 翹各三錢,青 皮、生甘 草各二錢。上為一劑量,水煎二次,並分二次服,每日一劑,嚴重者可一日服兩劑。( 《中級醫刊》(3):167,1964)

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份 ﹕

Evaporating oil 1.5% (press method) to 2% (distill method): 揮發油1.5% (壓榨法) 至2% (蒸餾法):

d-limonene

d-檸檬烯

β-myrcene

β-月桂烯

α-thujene

α-側柏烯

α-pinene

α-蒎 烯

β-pinene

β-蒎烯

α- phellandrene

α-水芹烯

β-myrcene

β-月桂烯

sabinene

檜烯

octanal

辛醛

α-terpinene

油 烯

p-cymene

對-聚傘花烯

linalool

芳樟醇

thymol

麝香草酚

citronellal

香茅醛

citral

枸櫞醛

Also contain flavonoids: 另含黃酮類成份 :

hesperidin

橙皮甙

neohesperidin

新橙皮甙

tangeretin,5,6,7,8,4-pentamethoxyflavone

柑橘素

citromitin (5,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavanone)

二氫川陳皮素

5-O-desmethyl-citromitin

5-去甲二氫川陳皮素

nobiletin

川陳皮素

tangeretin

柑橘素

β-Sitosterol

β-谷甾醇

synephrine

對羥福林

nobiletin

川陳皮素

Dosage:

用量:

4 to 12 g

4 ~ 12 克

Cautions:

禁忌:

Not to use in cases of cough due to qixu (qi deficient) and yinxu (yin deficient). Use care in cases of bleeding  or vomiting blood.

Long term usage may weaken the body function.

Some chen pi samples have been tested with pesticide residue. Get organic chen pi if you can; otherwise soak chen pi in water for several hours and wash it thoroughly before use.

氣虚陰虚 燥 咳 者 不 宜 用 。 吐 血 ﹐出血者 慎 服 。 多 服 久 服 損  元 氣 。

日本農民運動全國聯合會報告目前日本市場上流通銷售 的陳皮、蘇葉﹐大棗﹐枳實﹐山茱萸五種中藥藥材被檢驗出有六種農藥殘留﹔並以陳皮含量最高。雖然報告單位可能被懷疑有利益衝突﹐可信性相當高。用 陳皮時最好先用水浸洗乾淨。

 

Note: According to Li Shizheng, tangerine pi is warm but mandarin and pomelo skin are cold.

李時珍曰:橘皮性溫,柑、柚皮性冷,不可不知。

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