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chi shi zhi 赤石脂

 

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Halloysitum Rubrum

Chemical  name:

化學名﹕

Al4(Si4O10)(OH)84H2O

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

shakusekishi

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

choksokchi

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

cek3 sek6 zi1

Other Names:

別名 ﹕

chi fu 赤符, hong gao ling 紅高嶺,chi shi tu  赤石土,

chi you zhi 吃油脂,hong tu  紅土。

Common Name:

英文名﹕

Kaolinite

Distribution:

產地﹕

Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Sichuan, Xizang provinces of China.

遼寧、內蒙古、河北、山西、陝西、甘肅、山東、江蘇、安徽、浙江、江西、福建、河南、湖北、湖南、廣東、四川等地,西藏羊八井也有分佈。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

sweet, sour, astringent, warm

甘,酸,澀,温。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

spleen, stomach, large intestine

脾,胃,大腸。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

Taken internally, it can attach the toxic substances and abnormal  substances from fermentation in the digestive tract.

Recalcification Time

內服能吸著消化道內有毒物質及食物異常發酵的產物等。對發炎的胃腸粘膜有局部保護作用,並對胃腸道出血有止血作用。赤石脂20、40g/kg灌胃,可縮短小鼠(毛細管法)凝血時間和大鼠血漿復鈣時間,對ADP誘導的兔、大鼠血小板聚集和小鼠體內ADP誘導的血小板血栓形成均有抑制作用。

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

For treatment of chronic diarrhea, chronic dysentery, blood in

stool, prolapse of retum, spermatorrhea, heavy bleeding in the

vagina not during menses, vagina discharge, ulcer not healing,

jaundice, scabies, nose bleeding, colitis with blood.

治久瀉,久痢,便血,脫肛,遺精,崩漏,帶下,潰瘍不斂,

黃疸,疥癬,衄 血,腸風下血。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

Mainly aluminum silicates . It contains a big portion of iron oxides.

Its constitution: silica 42.93%、aluminum  36.58%、iron oxide

manganese 4.85%、magnesium and calcium 0.94%、water 14.75% 。

主要成分為水化硅酸鋁。尚含相當多的氧化鐵等物質。其組成如下:

硅42.93%、 鋁 36.58%、氧化鐵及錳4.85%、鎂及鈣0.94%、水分14.75% 。

Dosage:

用量﹕

Internal use: in decoction: 9 to 12 g, also can be put into pills or powder

form. External use: apply to affected areas.

內服:煎湯,9~12 克;或入丸、散。外用:研末撒

Samples of formulae

:處方舉例﹕

Po Chai Pills

保濟丸

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

not compatible with yuan huaand da huang.

芫 花,畏大 黃  

註: 二磷酸腺苷(adenosine diphosphate;ADP)是人們發現最早、也是體內最重要的誘導血小板聚集的物質。在體外實驗中可觀察到ADP誘導的兩种血小板聚集類型。

 

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Last update: Mar 17, 2014; 11:40 p.m. LAH