ci wu jia 刺五加 （in English and Chinese 中英文)
Siberian Ginseng (incorrectly and illegally called, in America)
By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu
The root, the rhizomes (underground stem) and the leaves are being used.
"Siberian ginseng" products that are sold in America have nothing in similar with any kind of ginseng. The Siberian genseng plant is a shrub of 1 to 3 meters tall, while the ginseng plant is herbaceous. It does not have any similarity in looks to Chinese ginseng, Korean ginseng or American ginseng. It is called Siberian ginseng in America for advertising purposes.
It was first introduced into the American herb market in the late 1970s as "Wuchaseng" and "Wujiaseng." (wu jia shen 五加蔘) There appears to be no historical precedent in Chinese traditions to applying the qualifier "seng ( 蔘 or short for ginseng )" to E. senticosus (Shiu Ying Hu, 1979). The correct Chinese name is ci wu jia.
The United States Congressional amendment to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act – signed into law in May 2002 – eliminates any confusion regarding what is true ginseng. Now only the genus Panax can be called ginseng on labeling or in advertising.
This plant is closer to wu jia pi.
美國國會聯邦食品，藥品和化妝品法修正案 - 2002年5月簽署成為法律 - 消除任何混亂，關於什麼是真正的人參。現在只有屬人參可以在標籤或廣告中稱為人參。
Eleutherococcus senticosus, Acanthopanax senticosus
ezo uikogi ki (蝦夷五加木)
Pron. in Cantonese:
ci3 ng5 gaa1
ci guai bang (Northeastern part of China), lao hu liao zi (He Long Jiang Prvince of China), ci mu bang (Liao Ning Province of China)
刺拐棒 (東北)，老虎鐐子 (黑龍江)、刺木棒 (遼寧)。
devil's root, touch-me-not, Siberian ginseng (it is incorrectly called; not a type of ginseng). Russian: Ereuterokoku
northern China, Korea, Japan and southeastern Russia (Taiga region).
Channels (meridians) entered:
lung, spleen, kidney, heart.
Actions & Indications:
For chronic inflammation of bronchi, neurasthenia, low sexual function, weakness, low white cell count after radiation therapy. It helps to reduce stress, to improve the immune system, to fight cancer and aging, to reduce other effects of radiation, to improve adrenal function. Ridding of dampness, pain, weakness in lower limbs, insomnia, tiredness, dizziness due to weakness and anxiety.
9~30 g for boiling with water and to be used as tea.
In tablets or capsules: each dosage equals about 3 gram of dry root.
The root contain varieties of glucosides (0.6~0.9%):
(More to upload. If you need them in a hurry or you need methods of qualitative analysis or quantitative analysis, please email our Research Librarian.)
(1). Its anti-fatigue effect is stronger than that of ginseng. (2). Improves function of megalocytes. (3). Improves antigen. (4). Inhibits the growth of cancer cells and leukemia of laboratory mice. (4). Increases the rate of the formation of e-rosette of laboratory mice. (5).Ginsenosides characteristic of Panax ginseng are not found in the roots of ci wu jia. (6). The extracts from the plant, taken orally, increased the ability to handle adverse physical conditions, improved mental performance, and enhanced the quality of work under stressful conditions. (7). To avoid adjustment to the herb, it should be used for no longer than 60 consecutive days, followed by a period of 2-3 weeks of abstinence before using it again. (8) according to School of Food and Nutrition of Fu Ren University in Taiwan (輔仁大學食品營養系), it improves the oxygen intake up to 8.2% on 20 athletes after taking 400mg per day of ci wu jia for 4 weeks. (9) dilates coronary arteries.
May not suitable for yinxu (yin deficient) type of bodies. Do not use in cases of Arterial hypertension
Also:See ginseng; wu jia pi
For bibliography of chemical ingredients, Click here.
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Last update: Feb 4, 2012; 6:06 p.m. LAH