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 dan shen      丹參  (in English and Chinese 中英文)

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名:

Radix Salvia miltiorrhizae

Biological name:

拉丁學名

Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

tanjin

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

daan1 sam

Pron. in Cantonese:

粤語發音:

tan sam1

Other Names:

別名:

chi shen 赤參,zi dan shen 紫丹參,chao dan shen ,bie xue dan shen 鱉血丹參。

Common Name:

英文名:

salvia root

Distribution:

分佈:

Hebei, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Liaoning, Jilin

河北,山西,內蒙古,遼寧,吉林。

Properties (characteristics)

性味:

bitter, slightly cold

味苦微寒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經﹕

heart and liver

入心﹐ 肝二經。

Actions & Indications: 主 治 ﹕

rid of clot blood, pain, invigorate blood, breakup blood stasis,  for dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, palpable tumors, angina, heat bi, restlessness and insomnia, irritability, swollen spleen, pain in digestive system,

功能活瘀血, 止痛﹐ 經痛﹐ 無月經﹐可生新血,涼血,可觸知的腫瘤﹐心けh熱庳﹐煩燥不安﹐ 脾腫﹐ 系統疼痛。

Medical Function:

药理:

  1. antithrombotic

  2. antihypertonic (lowering blood pressure)

  3. antimicrobial

  4. anti HBV effect. The anti HBV effect is stronger when combine with zhu ling [1]

  5. antipyretic

  6. anti-inflammatory

  7. hepatoprotective: inhibits fibrinogen and aids in the resorption of fibrous plaques in the liver.

  8. sedative

  9. modulate cancer growth and metastases [20]

  10. Significantly increase in coronary blood flow due to reduction of vascular resistance.

藥理:

  1. 抗血液凝结

  2. 降血壓

  3. 抗菌

  4.  抗乙型肝炎病毒;如配合豬苓其抗乙型肝炎病毒的作用會增強[1]

  5. 退焼

  6. 抗炎

  7. 保肝作用:抗肝纖維化;提高供體肝臟的保存效果;消除肝細胞氧自由基; 減輕肝臟冷熱缺血再灌注後的損害; 減輕肝細胞脂肪變性和壞死;促進殘肝再生;防治肝癌轉移復發;對肝硬化門靜脈高壓血流動力學有影響.[19]

  8. 鎮静

  9. 抑制癌腫之增長與擴散 [20]

  10. 可增加冠 狀動脉流量,因為丹参能减低血管阻力。

Chemical ingredients:[n]

化學成份:[n]

tanshinone丹參酮
cryptotanshinone[隐丹参酮
hydroxytanshinone羟基丹参酮
methyl tanshinonate丹参酸甲酯.
przewatanshinquinone A紫丹参甲素
przewatanshinquinone B紫丹参乙素
miltirone次甲丹参醌
dihydrotanshinone二氢丹参酮
nortanshinone去甲丹参酮
1, 2, 15, 16-tetrahydrotanshiquinone1,2,15,16-四氢丹参醌
isotanshinone異丹參酮
isocryptotanshinone隐丹参酮
salviol鼠尾草酚,
tanshialdehyde.丹参醛
tanshinol A丹參素A
tanshinol B丹參素B
tanshinol C丹參素C
3-α-hydroxy tanshinone3-α-羥基丹參酮
tanshiquinone A, B, C丹参醌 A, B, C
saloilenone二萜荼苯酮
danshen spiroketal lactone丹参隐螺内酯
danshensuan A, B, C丹参酸甲、乙、丙
protocatechuic acid原兒茶酸
protocatechuic aldehyde原兒茶醛
dihydroxybenzoic acid二羟苯甲酸
protocatechuic aldehyde原兒茶醛
baicalin黄芩甙
 β-sitosterolβ-轂固醇
ursolic acid熊果酸/烏索酸/烏蘇酸
daucosterol胡蘿蔔苷/胡蘿蔔甙 /胡蘿蔔甾醇
isoferulic acid異阿魏酸
dihydroisotanshinone 二氫異丹參酮

Dosage:

用量:

6 to 15 g

6~15克

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例:

tian wang bu xin dan 天王補心丹

Modern Research:

现代研究:

 

 

Cautions:

禁忌:

Administration of tinctures of this herb can lead to severe itching, stomachache, or reduced appetite.

While taking dan shen do not use soy milk or soy product because milk or soy product can lower the effectiveness of dan shen. Do not use with blood thinning drugs, like warfarin, heparin etc.

The active ingredient, tanshinone, can combine with soy product and form insoluble substance, thus lessen the effectiveness of blood thinning, pain arresting.

服用丹参酒浸剤可能導致激烈的發癢,肚痛,食慾减退。

用丹参時,不要用奶或豆類制品以免降低療效。 不可與抗凝血药物 如華法林,肝素 同用。

丹參酮和豆奶容易形成不溶物,降低了丹參的活血化淤、理氣止痛的作用。

[1] Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine 1993 Sep;13(9):533-5, 516-7.

[1] 中國中西醫結合雜誌,1993 年,九月 13日(9)533-5. 516-7

[19]作者:裴蕾 任英 裴蕾(黑龍江農墾總局醫院,黑龍江,哈爾濱,150036)
任英(哈爾濱鬆江電機廠醫院,黑龍江,哈爾濱,150040)
刊 名:中醫藥學報 2002 年, 30(1)
英文刊名:ACTA CHINESE MEDICINE AND PHARMACOLOGY , 2002 30(1)

[20] Carcinogeneses, vol 29, no. 10, pp. 1885-1892, 2008
 

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