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Last update: July 17,  2013; 10:45 a.m. LAH

 

 

durian 榴槤

 

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

 

Biological name:

拉丁文學名﹕

Durio zibethinus Murray

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

lau4 lin4

Common Name:

英文名﹕

durian

Distribution:

產地﹕

Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and Northern Australia

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

sweet, pungent, hot and mildly toxic/

甜﹐刺激性﹐燥﹐有小毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

kidney

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

Besides eaten as a snack, it is also being used as
  1. Tonic for deficiency, for cold type of body.
  2. Rid of cold phlegm.
  3. Expels intestine worms
  4. Decoction of the leaves and roots is used as antipyretic
  5. The leaf juice is applied on the head of a fever patient.
  6. The leaves are employed in medicinal baths for people with jaundice.
  7. Decoctions of the leaves and fruits are applied to swellings and skin diseases.
  8. The ash of the burned rind is taken after childbirth.
  9. The odor of the flesh is believed to be linked to indole compounds which are bacteriostatic.
  10. Improve sexual function for those who are shenyangxu (kidney yang deficient)腎陽虛

 

. See "Cautions" item below.

主治與功用﹕

  1. 體質虛弱者﹐可作為進補用﹐
  2. 可增加體溫﹐驅寒痰﹐
  3. 驅腸內寄生蟲﹐
  4. 葉或根煎湯服作退熱劑用
  5. 葉搗汁﹐外敷於額作退熱劑用
  6. 葉用水煎﹐作浴水﹐用於黃疸病人
  7. 葉與果作煎劑﹐用於皮膚病
  8. 果皮燒灰﹐產婦服用作為調理身體之用
  9. 榴槤之氣味一般相信與抑制細菌的引朵 (糞 臭素 ) 有關

 看以下禁忌條。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

The leaves probably contain hydroxy-tryptamines and mustard oils. [2]

See below  請按此處.

Dosage:

用量﹕

fruit is being used as snack.

other information will be loaded.

 

果肉作為零食用。

葉﹐根﹐果皮用量將繼續上網。

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

See below

請按此處.

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

  1. Not to take in cases of yinxu (yin deficient) , diabetichypertension, fever, cancer.
  2. Do not take with alcohol.

 

  1. 陰虛有熱﹐尿 病壓 高﹐發熱﹐癌 症 患者不宜吃。

  2. 不可在吃榴槤 時同時喝酒。

Food Value per 100 g of Edible Portion

每百克可吃部份

Source:  US Department of AgricultureSource: Morton, J. [1]Source: Morton, J. [1]
   

Fresh Arils

鮮果肉

Dried Arils

乾果肉

Calories熱量 (卡)147 kcal144 
Moisture水份64.990 g58.0-62.9 g18.0 g
Protein蛋白質1.47 g2.5-2.8 g 
Fat脂肪5.33 g3.1-3.9 g3.0-6.0 g
Sugars (approx.) 12.0 g37.0-43.0 g
Starch澱粉 (approx.) 12.0 g8.0-13.0 g
Total Carbohydrates總碳水化合物27.09 g30.4-34.1 g 
Fiber纖維素3.8 g1.7 g 
Ash灰份 1.1-1.2 g3.0 g
Calcium, Ca6 mg7.6-9.0 mg 
Phosphorus, P38 mg37.8-44.0 mg 
Iron, Fe0.430 mg0.73-1.0 mg 
Magnesium, Mg30 mg  
Manganese, Mn0.324 mg  
Carotene胡蘿蔔素 0.018 mg 
(as Vitamin A)維生素A成份

45 I.U.

( 5 mcg_RE)  

20-30 I.U. 
Thiamine維生素B10.374 mg0.24-0.352 mg 
Riboflavin維生素B20.2 mg0.20 mg 
Vitamin B-6維生素B60.316 mg  
Niacin菸草酸1.074 mg0.683-0.70 mg 
Ascorbic Acid維生素C19.7 mg23.9-25.0 mg 
Vitamin E維生素E "high"  高 

[1], [ 2]: Morton, J. 1987. Durian. p. 287291. In: Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL.

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