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Last update: May 20, 2013; 5 p.m. LAH

 

feng wei cao 鳳尾草

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu    朱興國編 譯     (in English and Chinese 中英文)

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Herba Pteris Multifidae

Radix Pteris Multifidae

Botanical name:

拉丁生物學名﹕

Pteris Multifida Poir

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

hobiso (鳳尾草)[5]

inomotosou 「井の許草」[4]

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

bongmicho

Pron. in Cantonese::

粵音﹕

fung6 mei5 cou2

Other Names:

別名﹕

ji jiao cao (chicken leg grass) 雞腳草,jin ji wei (golden chicken tail) 金雞尾,jing kou bian cao (well side grass) 井口邊草,jing bian feng wei (phoenix tail of well side) 井邊鳳尾,jing lan cao (fence of well grass) 井欄 草,feng wei jue (phoenix tail fern) 鳳尾蕨,wu zhi cao (five finger grass) 五指草,tie jiao ji (iron legged chicken) 鐵脚雞,bai jiao ji (hundred legged chichen) 百脚雞。

Common Name:

英文名﹕

spider brake Chinese brake fern

Distribution:

產地﹕

eastern part, middle southern part, western southern part of China, and in Shanxi, Shaanxi provinces. Being found in areas 800 meters below sea level, usually around old shady walls and masonry cracks, around cemeteries, dumps, and towns.

分佈於華東、中南、西南、及山西、陝西等地。生於海拔800m以 下的石灰岩縫內或牆縫,墓地,陰暗井邊。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

bland, slightly bitter, cold.

淡,微苦,寒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

large intestine, heart, liver, stomach, kidney.

大腸,心,肝,胃,腎。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

  1. antibiotics effects: with decoction  of 25% concentration, there is no effect on Freund Shigella  and SHU Shigella  (in vitro). There was inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Shigella, Mycobacterium tuberculosis inhibit. The 50% decoction of trenching method and by plate disk diffusion method shows inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella flexneri, Salmonella typhi.
  2. anti-tumors: alcohol extract of the whole herb or roots possesses inhibitory effect on S180 fibroids of mice. Its inhibitory effects are 3%-33% and 33%-40%
  3. anti-hyperlipidemic effect: caused reduction in cholesterol and triglyceride. It also could increase the excretion of lipids and metabolic by-products via the intestinal tract of lab rats..[1]

1.抗菌:煎劑在25%濃度時對弗氏及舒氏痢疾杆菌均無抑菌作用(體外試驗)。對金黃色葡萄球菌,大腸杆菌,痢疾杆菌,結核杆菌均有抑制作用。50%煎 劑用平板挖溝法和紙片法,對金黃色葡萄球菌,福氏痢疾杆菌,傷寒杆菌有抑制作用。
2.抗腫瘤作用: 全草或根醇浸出液,腹腔注射,對小鼠肉瘤S180有抑制作用,其抑制率分別為3%-33%和33%-40%。

3. 抗高血脂:喂食鳳尾草之大鼠可降低它們的膽固醇與三酸甘油酯并能經消化道排出脂質與其新成代謝廢物。【1】

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

For getting rid of infection, strengthening and loosening muscles, cooling blood and arresting bleeding, reducing swelling and stopping pain.

Being used in treatment of: dysentery, diarrhea, vomiting blood, hepatitis, leukorrhea, tumors in intestine, lung and bladder,  cancers of gynecology, injuries from impact. External application: swelling in the breasts, different types of sores.

Hepatitis with jaundice, toncillitis, spermatorrhea, enterobiasis. (source: Commonly Used Herb of Shanghai)

清熱解毒,強筋活絡,涼血止血,消腫止痛,治痢疾,腹瀉,吐血,肝炎,白帶,腸癌,肺癌,膀胱癌及婦科惡性腫瘤,跌打及外敷乳房紅腫和各種瘡瘍等。

黄疸型肝炎,扁桃體炎,遺精,蟯虫病。《上海常用中草药》

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

 
portion above ground contains:地上部含:
pterosin B,C,F,O,S蕨素B,C,F,O,S
pterosin C-3-O-β-D-glucoside蕨素 C-3-O-葡萄糖甙
2β,15α-dihydroxy-ent-kaur- 16-ene2β,15α-二羥基-對映-16-貝殼杉-烯
2β,16α-dihydroxy-ent-kaurane2β,16α-二羥基-對映-貝殼杉烷
creticoside A, B大葉鳳尾甙(A,B
apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucoside芹菜素-7-O-葡萄糖甙
luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside木犀草素-7-O-葡萄糖甙
tannin鞣質

Daily Dosage:

每日用量﹕

For decoction: 15 to 30 g. For external application: use appropriate amount.

15~30克煎服。外用適量。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

 

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

"A new C(14) pterosin sesquiterpenoid, named (2R)-pterosin P (1), and a new natural product, named dehydropterosin B (3), were isolated from the aerial parts of Pteris multifida Poir., along with nine known compounds ( 2, 4-11). By chiral HPLC, compounds 1 and 2 were isolated as a pair of enantiomeric pterosin sesquiterpenoids. The planar structure of 1 was elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopy analysis, and the absolute configuration was established by the CD spectrum. In addition, the absolute structure of 1 was further confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (CuK α). Compounds 3, 5, and 6 showed potent cytotoxicity against PANC-1 (human pancreatic cancer) and NCI-H446 (human small-cell lung cancer) cell lines, with IC(50) values in the range of 4.27-14.63 ÁM".[2]

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

Do not use in cases of chronic diarrhea and in old people with weak body.

 Traditional oral administration, when properly utilized. can avoid of any toxic risk. [3]

體弱的老人,或長期腹瀉者忌服。

以轉統方法口服可能不會導致 中毒。【3】

《参考:中華本草  》  《Reference:  Zhong Hua Ben Cao》

[1] Pharm Biol. 2010 Feb;48(2):221-6.

[2] Planta Med. 2010 Nov;76(16):1896-900. Epub 2010 May 19.

[3] Food and Chemical Toxicology
Volume 45, Issue 9, September 2007, Pages 1757-1763

[4]http://www.weblio.jp/content/%E4%BA%95%E3%81%AE%E8%A8%B1%E8%8D%89

[4] http://flowerland.moo.jp/yamanobori/75mt-nabewari/nabewari-hana.html

[5] hiramatu-hifuka.com/onyak/sho14-15.html

 

 

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