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han shui shi 寒水石; fang jie shi  方解石; shi gao 石膏

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu         (in English and Chinese 中英文)

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Calcitum, Gypsum Rubrum

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

hansuiseki

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

hansusok

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

han4 seoi2 sek6

Other Names:

別名﹕

ning shui shi 凝水石,shui shi 水石,que shi 鵲石 。

Common Name:

英文名﹕

calcitrum

Distribution:

產地﹕

Mainly being produced in Shanxi and Hebei province.

主 產 山西,河北。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

acrid, salty, cold.

辛,鹹,寒。
 

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

heart, stomach, kidney.

歸心,胃,腎經。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

 

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

for high fever, irritability and thirst.

 External use: erysipela (St. Anthony's fire), scaldings, burns, canker sores.

 用於熱病煩渴。外用於丹毒,燙傷,焼傷, 口瘡。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

Northern han shui shi contains mainly calcium sulfate with impurities of iron,

aluminum etc.

Southern han shui shi contains mainly calcium carbonate with impurities of

magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc etc.

 

  1. 北寒水石 (石膏)主要成分為硫酸鈣(CaSO42H2O),尚含有鐵,鋁等雜質。
  2. 南寒水石 方解石)主要成分是碳酸鈣(CaCO3),尚含鎂,鐵 ,錳,鋅等雜質。

Dosage:

用量﹕

 In decoction: 15 to 60 g, boil with water.

 In pill or powder form: 9 to 15 g.  External use: appropriate amount

煎湯:15~30克。

9~15 克,入丸,散。外用:適量,研末摻或調敷。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

bai hu jia gui zhi tang  白虎加桂枝湯

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

Not to use in cases of spleen deficient or blood deficient.

Not to use northern han shui shi (calcium sulfate) with tetracyclnes type of

drugs because the reaction of calcium may cause the drugs to become

ineffective. Also, not to use with digitalis type of drugs because the calcium

ions may increase the toxicity of the drug and may cause arrhythmia

conductivity of signals.

脾虛血虛 及 病 在 表 者 禁 用 。陰虛 發熱者小心服用。

北寒水石(石膏)不 可與四環素類藥物 ( Tetracyclines ) 同用因

石膏含 有 硫 酸 鈣 , 鈣 離 子 與 四 環 素 類 結 合 後 , 會 形 成 難 以

吸 收

的 結 合 物 , 從 而 令 藥 物 失 效 。

石膏不可與洋 地 黃 類 藥 合 用 , 因 為 含 大 量 鈣 離 子 , 合 用 後 毒 性 會 增 強

而 導 致 心 律 失 常 和 傳 導 阻 滯 。

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Last update: Jan 13, 2013; 11:28 a.m. LAH