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中藥詞典    Chinese Herb Dictionary      

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he zi 訶子     (in English and Chinese 中英文)

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Fructus Terminaliae Chebulae

Biological name:

拉丁文學名﹕

Terminalia chebula Retz.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

kashi

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

hacha

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

ho1 zi2

Other Names:

別名 ﹕

he li 訶黎 、he li le 訶黎勒、sui feng zi 随風子

Common Name:

英文名﹕

Medicine Terminalia Fruit, myrobalan fruit, chebula, chebgium

Distribution:

產地﹕

Guangdong, Yunnan, Guangxi. Originally produced in India and Burma areas.

分佈於廣東﹐雲南﹐廣西。原 產印度、緬甸等地

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

 bitter, sour, astringent, neutral

 性平,味苦、酸 、涩。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

  1. anti bacteria

  2. improves cardiac function

  3. anti spasm of smooth muscles

  4. inhibits cancer growth

 

  1. 抗 菌

  2. 增 強 心 臟 機 能

  3. 抗 平 滑 肌 之 痙攣

  4. 抑 制 腫 瘤 之 生 長

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經﹕

lung, stomach, large intestine

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

tighten intestine and stop chronic diarrhea, stops coughing, lessen inflammation of the throat, treats loss of voice,  improves eyesight, for inflammation of the eye lids, edema, ascites with varicose vein, blood in stool, prolapse of the rectum, asthma due to lung deficient, chronic cough, sore throat with coarse voice. .

腸止 瀉 ﹐  斂肺,降火利咽﹐ 治 失 聲﹐  眼睑糜爛,有增强視力,消腫之功效。用于暴發火眼,眼 翳,羞明,頭痛流泪,腹水青筋暴露﹐水 腫 , 久瀉久痢, 便血脱肛、肺虚喘咳﹐久咳不止﹐咽痛音啞

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

化學成份,Chemical ingredients

子 酸(chebulinic acid)

子 素 (chebulin)

黎 勒酸(chebulagic acid)

子 酸(terchebin)

莽草酸 ( 并沒食子酸)(shikimic acid)

鞣花酸(ellagic acid)

五倍子酸 (沒 食子酸)(gallic acid)

奎寧酸(quinic acid)

番瀉甙A(sennoside A)

鞣酸酶(tannase)

天門冬氨酸 (asparatic acid)

谷 氨酸  (glutamic acid)

精氨酸  (arginine )

賴氨酸 ( lysine)

脯氨酸  (proline)

沒食子酸三甲酯  (trimethyl ether of gallic acid)

莽草酸  (shikimic acid)

去氫 莽草酸 (dehydroshikimic acid)

 奎寧酸 (quinic acid)

三十碳酸 (tracontanoic acid))

軟脂酸 (palmitic acid)

胡蘿蔔酸 (daucosterol)

多酚氧化酶 (polyphenoloxidase)

硒 (selenum, )

鉀 (potassium, )

錳 (manganese, )

鐵  (iron, )

銅 (copper )

維生素丙 (vitamin C.) 

Dosage:

用量﹕

3 ~ 9 g.

3 ~ 9 克 。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

he zi san 訶子散

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

not to use in case of pregnancy. Use caution in cases of spleen deficiency (pixu).

懷 孕期間忌用 。脾虛者小心應用 。

 

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Last update: July 17, 2014; 11 a.m. LAH