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Herbs That Can be Toxic to the Kidneys

Edited by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu    朱興國編譯

可導致腎臟損害的中藥


Some Herbs of Plant Origin that Can be Toxic to the Kidneys:

 

可能對腎臟有毒的植物類中藥:

PINYIN

CHINESE NAMES

BOTANICAL  NAMES

Note:

ai di cha

矮地茶﹐紫金牛

Ardisia japonica (Thb.) Bl;  Ardisia Japonica , Hornst

 

ba dou

巴豆

Croton tiglium L.

 

ba jiao feng

八角楓, 別名: 華 木瓜﹐木八角﹐包子樹.

Alangium chinense (Lour.) Rehder.

 

bai hua dan

白花丹

Plumbago zeylanica L.

 

bai tou weng

白頭翁

Pulsatila  nuttalliana, Spreng. Pulsatila daurica, Spreng.

 

ban lan gen

板藍根

Isatis tinctoria L., or Isatis indigotica

 

bei dou gen

北豆根

Menispermum dauricum L.

 

bi cheng qie

蓽橙茄

Litsea cubeba Pers.

 

bu gu zhi

補骨脂

Psorales corylifolia, L.

 

cang er zi

蒼耳子

Xanthium strumarium  L

chai hu

柴 胡

Bupleurum chinense DC. or Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Wild.

cao wu   (very toxic)

草烏

Aconitum kusnezoffii Reichb.

 

ce bai ye

側柏葉

Biota orientalis; Cacumen platycladi;

chou wu tong,

臭梧桐﹐(海州常山)

Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb.

 

da feng zi

大楓子

Hydnocarpus alpina, Wright. Hydnocarpus anthelmintica.

 

da qing ye

大青葉

Isatis tinctoria L., I. indigota Fort., Baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Bremek., Polygonum tinctorium Ait. or Clerodendron cyrtophyllum Turcz

 

da suan (garlic)

大蒜

Allium officinarum Hance.

 

ding xiang (cloves)

丁香

Eugenia aromatica Baillon;  Caryophyllus aromatica  L.; Eugenia caryophyllata  Thunb.

 

diu liao bang

丢了棒, 五味藤

Claoxylon indicum (Reinw.ex Bl.) Hassk

 

dong chong xia cao

冬蟲夏草

 Cordyceps sinensia, Sacc.

 

du huo

獨 活

 Angelica grosserrata, Max

hemolytic

fan xie ye

番瀉葉

Cassia angustifolia Vahl.;

Cassia acutifolia Delile

 

fang ji  (guang fang ji)  (very toxic)

廣防已

Aristolochia fangchi, Wu

 

gan sui

甘遂

Euphorbia sieboldiana, M. et. D.

 

gou wen,  da cha ye

鉤吻 , 大茶葉

Gelsemium elegans  Benth.

 

guan mu tong (very toxic)

關木通

Aristolochia debilis S. et Z.

 

gui jiu (very toxic)

鬼臼﹐桃兒七

Podophyllum emodi Wall, var. chinensis Sprague

 

 han xiu cao

含羞草

 Mimosa pudica L.

 

hou pu

厚 樸

Magnolia  officinalis, Rehd. et Wils.

 

hu zhang

虎 杖

Polygonum reynoutria, Makino. Polygonum cuspidatum, S. et. Z.

 

huang du,  

黃 獨

Dioscorea bulbifera L.

 

huang yao zi

黃藥子

Dioscorea bulbifera L.

 

jia zhu tao (very toxic)

夾竹桃

Nerium odorum, Solaud.

Nerium incidum, Mill.

 

jin yin gen

金櫻根

Rhus laevigata, Michx.

 

ku lian pi

苦楝皮

Melia azedarach, L. sub. var. Toosendan, Maki

 

ku shen

苦参

Sophora flavescens. Ait.

 

kun ming shan hai tang ,721)(extremely toxic)

昆明山海棠 六方藤,紫金藤,紫金皮,火把花

Tripterygium hypoglaucum (LÚvl.) Hutchins.

 

la mei gen

臘梅根

Meratia praecox Rehd. et Wils

 

lei gong teng  (extremely toxic)

雷公藤

Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f.

 

liu zhou zi

六軸子﹐羊 花﹐羊躑躅﹐ 黃 花杜鵑

Rhododendri Mollis

 

lu hui (Aloe vera)

蘆薈

Aloe vera L.

 
 luo bu ma

羅布麻

Apocynum venetum L.

 

ma dou ling  (very toxic)

馬兜玲

Aristolochia debili, Sieb. et Zuce; Aristolochia contorta, Bunge ; Aristolochia kaempferi, Willd.

 

man tuo luo   (very toxic)

蔓陀羅

Datura stramonium, L

 

mian fen gossypol (from cotton seeds)

棉酚

Gossypium herbaceum L.

 

mian hua zi  (cotton seeds)

棉花子

Gossypium herbaceum L.

 

pang da hai

胖大海

Sterculia scaphigera,  Wall.

 

bin lang

檳榔

Areca caechu, L.

 

qian jin ba,  (tu huang qi, lao shu wei, zhan di feng)

千斤拔,(土黄芪,老鼠尾,鉆地風鑽 地風)

Flemingia philippinensis Merr. et
Rolfe; Moghania philippinensis
(Merr. et Rolfe) Li

 

qian li guang

千里光﹐( 烏蠅翼﹐ 蝴 蠅翼﹐半天雷﹐鐵掃帚)

Senecio scandens Buch-Ham

 

qian nian jian nian jian

千年健

Homalomena occulta (Lour.) Schott

 

qian niu zi

牽牛子

Pharbitis nil, Choisy.

 

rou gui

肉 桂

Cinnamoum loureirii, Nees.

 

shan ci gu  (very toxic)

山慈菇

Cremastra variabilis (Bl.) Nakai

 

Santoninum  (a chemical)

山道年

 C15H18O3

 

shi jun zi

使君子

Quisqualis indica, L.

 

song jie

松節

Pinus tabulaeformis Cart;

Pinus massoniana Lamb.

tian hua fen

天花粉

Trichosanthes kirilowii, Maxim

 

tong cheng hu

通城虎

Aristolochia fordiana

 

tu bei mu

土貝母

Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim)Franq.

Actinostemmapaniculatum Maxim.

 

tu jin jie

土荆芥

Chenopodinm  albnm L.

Chenopodinm ambrosioides L.

 

tu niu xi

土牛膝

Achyranthes obturifolia;

Achyranthes aspera L. var. india L.

 

wang jiang nan zi (Coffee Senna Seed)

望江南子﹐( 羊角豆 ﹐野扁豆)。

 Cassia Occidentalis

 

wei ling xian

鐵腳威靈仙

Clematis japonica Houtt. var. simsii, Makino.

 

wu jiu

烏桕

Sapium sebiferum (L.) Roxb.

 

xiang si zi

相思子

Abrus precatorius, L.

 

xuan cao gen

萱草根

Hemerocallis fulva L.

 

ya dan zi

鴉膽子

Brucea javanica (L.) Merri.

 

yan hu suo

延胡索

Corydalis ternata, Makino Corydalis bulbosa D.C. var. typica,

 

yang jin hua (upright datura flower)

洋金花﹐(南 洋金花﹐風茄花﹐醉仙桃花﹐白曼陀羅花)。

Datura metel L.

 

yi mu cao

益母草

Leonurus sibiricus, L.

 

you tong zi

油桐子

Aleurites Fordii Hemsl.

 

yuan hua

芫花

Daphne genkwa, Sieb. et. Zucc.

 

zao jia

皂 夾

 Gleditschia horrida, Makio.

hemolytic

ze xie

澤瀉

  1. Alisma orientale (Sam.)Juzep.

  2. Alisma plantago L. var. viglomum, Torr

zhan di feng

鉆地風﹐鑽地風﹐千 斤拔老 鼠尾﹐一條根。

Flemingia philippinensis Merr.et Rolfe  Moghania philippinensis (Merr.et Rolfe) Li

 

Some Herbs of Animal Origin that Can be Toxic to the Kidneys:

可能對腎臟有毒動物類中藥:

PINYIN

CHINESE NAMES

ZOOLOGICAL  NAMES

Notes

ban mao

斑 蝥

Mylabirs cichoii  L. 

dong chong xia cao

冬蟲夏草

Cordyceps sinensia, Sacc. 

hai ma (sea horses)

海馬

Hippocampus kelloggi Jordanet  Snvder  (克氏海馬}

Hippocampus histrix Kaup (刺海馬}

Hippocampus  kuda Bleeker (大海馬}

Hippocampus trimaculatus Leach  (三班海馬}

Hippocampus japonicus Kaup (日本海馬}

hemolytic
hong niang zi

紅娘子

Huechys sanguinea ﹐  or H. philaemata 

she du (snake venom)

蛇毒

  

sheng feng mi  (raw honey)

生蜂蜜

  
shui zhi

水蛭

Hirudo niponia Whitman,

Whitmania pigra (Whitman),

W. acranulata (Whiteman),

Hirudo medicinalis

hemolytic

wu gong (centipedes )

蜈蚣

Scolopendra subspinipes Leachhemolytic

yu dan (fish gall bladders)

  

zhu dan (pig gall bladders)

猪膽

  

Some Herbs of Mineral Origin that Can be Toxic to the Kidneys:

可能對腎臟有毒礦物類中藥:

alum

明礬 

arsenic type (arsenic trioxide, realgar)

 

含砷類(砒石﹐砒霜﹐雄 黄﹐紅礬) 

lead type:

  1. PbO (mi tuo seng,  qian huang),

  2. Pb304 (qian dan).

含鉛類﹕

  1. 一氧化鉛 (密陀 僧,鉛黃)﹐

  2. 四氧化三鉛 (鉛 丹).

 

 

lu fan (zao fan)  (Ferrous Sulfate) ﹕FeSO4Ě7H2O

綠礬, (皂礬)硫酸亞鐵 FeSO4Ě7H2O 

mercury type: Zhusha, Cinnabaria (mercury sulfide -- HgS)

   Hydrargyri oxydum rubrum.

含汞類﹕朱砂﹐升汞﹐輕粉 ﹐丹砂, 辰砂 ﹐ ( 硫化汞- HgS ) 。

含汞類﹕朱砂﹐升汞﹐輕粉 ﹐丹砂, 辰砂 ﹐ ( 硫化汞 - HgS ) 。

氧化汞 HgO

 

The following to be translated:

其他﹕黑 豆 。其中近半数的藥物是被《中國藥典》定為無毒的,臨床醫生須提高警惕。腎毒性中草藥以辛味﹐苦味藥為主 。現已公布的具有腎毒性的中藥已 達68種,包括植物類﹐動物類和礦物類藥物。

References:

  1. Whole Nation Chinese Herb Edition《全國中草藥彙編》

  2. Chinese Medicine Grand Dictionary《中藥大辭典》

  3. Chinese Dictionary《 中國藥典》

  4. Prof. Liu Yun-Hai, Vice Chairman of Renal Disease Committee, Academy of Chinese and Western Medicine, Air Force Main Hospital, China.

參考﹕

  1. 《全國中草藥彙編》

  2. 《中藥大辭典》

  3. 《中國藥典》

  4. 中國中西醫結合學會腎病病 專業委員會副主任委員﹐空軍總醫院院原腎内科主任劉雲海教授。

 

 

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Last update: Sept 21, 2013; 5 p.m. LAH