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Hong hua  紅花,  紅藍花

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

Flos Carthami Tinctorii

Biological name:

Carthamus tinctorius L.

Crocus sativus L. (zang hong hua or fan hong hua 藏紅花 即番紅花)

Pron. in Japanese:

 koka

Pron. in Korean:

honghwa

Pron. in Cantonese:

hong fa

Common Name:

Safflower, Safflor, Bastard saffron, carthamus

Distribution:

 Henan, Hebei, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Yunnan

Those called Zang hong hua (Tibetan hong hua) are not grown in Xizang (Tibet), but they are grown in the Middle East but imported through 

Properties (characteristics):

 性味:

acrid, warm

辛、溫。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

liver, heart.

肝、心。肝經血分藥 

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

Actions & Indications:

1. Invigorates circulation, breaks up blood stasis condition, and promotes menstruation: rheumatoid arthritis, injuries from impact, swollen boils, irregular menses, pain in stopping of menses, pain from blood stasis after birth. Small amount can invigorate circulation and large amount can get rid of blood clots. It is an important herb in blood stasis therapy and often is prescribed with tao ren. To invigorate circulation, it is often used with dang gui, chuan xiong, shao yao. to rid of blood stasis, it is used with san leng, wo zhu, and da huang.

2. measles with blood stasis, color not lively red: use hong hua, dang gui , zi cao, da qing ye
3. angina of coronary diseases: use hong hua, dan shen, chuan xiong, chi shao.
4. thromboangitis obliterans: use hong hua, dang gui , tao ren , chi shao, ru xiang

5. for treatment of enlargement of the liver and spleen.

6.For physical injuries with blood stasis and pain: broken bones, dislocated joints, sprains, and impact.

主治﹕

1:用於癥瘕結塊,瘡癰腫痛,跌仆傷痛,風濕痺痛,月經不調,經閉腹痛,產後瘀痛等症。紅花辛散溫通,少用活血,多用祛瘀,為治瘀血組滯之要藥,尤為婦女調經常用之品。常與 桃仁 相 配,活血則加 當歸川芎芍藥等;祛瘀則加用三棱、莪朮、大黃等。

2:用於斑疹色暗。本品又可用於麻疹出而復收,或熱鬱血滯、斑疹色不活紅,取其活血祛瘀以化滯,可與 當歸 、紫草、大青葉等活血涼血、泄熱解毒之藥物相配。

3:治療冠心病心絞痛,與丹參 川芎 赤芍 等同用;

4. 血栓閉塞性脈管炎(脫疽),與當歸桃仁赤芍、乳香等同用。

5 ﹕ 治肝臟與脾臟腫大。

6﹕跌打損傷﹐骨折﹐脫臼。用于去淤血。 

Medical function:

藥理作用﹕

Medical function:

1. Cardio-vascular system

It can mildly stimulate the heart, lowers the resistance of coronary arteries, improves circulation and provides the amount of blood flow to the heart muscle and provides nutrition to the heart muscles. Large amount has an inhibitory effect.

2. Effect on platelets

It can prevent the coagulation of the platelets thus inhibits the formation of thrombosis.

3. Effect on uterus

Small amount can increase the rhythmic contraction of the pregnant uterus. Large amount can cause constriction and spasm.

4. Provides protection for the brain in case of oxygen deprivation. Studies show that it can increase the treshold of rat in oxygen deprivation

5 Lower lipids

6. anti-bacterial, anti-fungal,

7. analgesic, 

8. diuretic,

9. immune stimulant, 

10. anti-inflammatory

11. anti-spasmodic,

12. emmenagogue (induce menses flow),  

13. diaphoretic (induce perspiration),  

14. induce interferon 

藥理作用
1對心血管系統作用﹕
劑量 可輕度興奮心臟,降低冠狀動脈阻力,增加其流量和心肌營養性血流量,但大劑量則有抑制作用。
2抑制血小板凝集,所以可抑制血拴形成。
3對子宮作用﹕
對受孕子宮,小劑量有明顯的緊張性或節律性收縮增加,大劑量可使子宮收縮,甚至痙攣。
4對缺血缺氧性腦病有保護作用﹕
實驗證明能提高小鼠耐缺氧能力。
5 降血脂作用

6. 抗細菌﹐抗真菌

7 止痛

8 利尿

9 增強免疫機能

10 抗炎

11 抗抽筋

12 通經

13 發汗

14 引發干扰素 

Samples of formulae:

Painful or blockage of menses: tao hong si wu tang (dan gui chuan xiong, di huang, shao yao, tao ren, hong hua). or use ge xia zhu yu tang

Painful abdomen due to blood stasis after birth: hong hua san, tuo hua jian

Painful joints, purpura, eczema: dang gui hong hua yin

痛經;經閉﹕桃紅四物湯 (當歸、川芎、地黃、芍藥、桃仁、紅花)。膈下逐瘀湯

產後瘀阻腹痛﹕ 花散,脫花煎

癥瘕積聚;關節疼痛;斑疹﹕ 當歸紅花飲 

Chemical ingredients:

 

化學成份﹕

carthamone, neocarthamin 新红花甙, carthamin 红花甙, carthamone 红花醌甙, glucose, carthamidin[1]. saffloryellow, saffloryellow-A[2].palmitic acid 棕榈酸, myristic acid, lauric acid 月桂酸[3], stearic acid, Cinnamic acid,肉桂酸, arachidic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid,.polysaccharides 红花多糖,15 alpha-20 beta-dihydroxy-delta4-pregnen-3-one, nonacosane, beta-sitosterol.

Dosage:

用量:

0.5 g to 2 g

0.52.

Cautions:

禁忌

 not to use in cases of bleeding, heavy menses, pregnancy

出血﹐月經過多者,與孕婦忌用。

Addendum:

zang hong hua (fan hong fa)

zang hong hua (fan hong fa) Crocus sativus L., product of Europe or Middle East and was imported through Xizang (Tibet). it is now also cultivated in China. It usage is the same as hong hua but stronger and possesses the effects of cooling the blood and rid of toxins. Dosage is 1 to 1.5 g  used in decoction.

 

附﹕藏紅花 (番紅花) Crocus sativus L.

藏紅花產於歐洲及中亞。一向由印度﹐伊朗經西藏輸入。現在中國也有生產。

性微寒味甘。歸心﹐肝經。作用與紅花相似而力較強﹐兼有涼血解毒之功效。

多用於溫熱病﹐熱入血份發班﹐熱鬱血淤﹐班色不紅。

用量﹕ 1 ~ 1.5 克﹐作煎劑。出血﹐月經過多者,與孕婦忌用。

 

Hong Hua San (source: Formulae of Gynecology by monks of Xiao Shan Bamboo Temple of Zhejiang province, Qing Dynasty)

hong hua 38 g, niu xi 38 g, shu mu 30 g, add white wine and simmer to a serving size. Drink while warm.

Editor's note: it seems that the dosage of hong hua is too much. Please adjust according to the syndromes of the patients.

花散 (出處﹕ 《女科秘方》為清代浙江蕭山竹林寺僧所著)

紅花一兩 牛膝一兩 蘇木八錢生白酒煎八分,溫服。

編者按﹕原方用紅花一兩﹐可能太重。需按病症調整子。敬請中醫前輩指教。

  伪品红花一般多以添加杂质来加重其份量,也有用其它花类染色後加工而掺入红花中的。 
杂质类:用净红花加入细沙、滑石粉、玉米糖稀、红颜色及杏黄色加工而成。 
伪品类:用陈菊花、黄连须等粉碎後染色加工而成。 
  鉴别方法: 
1. 从重量上进行鉴别:纯净红花(标准麻袋)每包20-23公斤,伪品一般麻袋中加上塑料薄膜,装的较松,也会超过25公斤。 
2. 从颜色上进行鉴别:净品红花,颜色鲜艳。伪品红花,颜色较暗淡。 
3. 从手感上进行鉴别:净品红花,手感柔软,泡松。伪品手感,觉得有硬硬的感觉,较顶手,轻揉後手中留有细微杂物。 
4. 水鉴别:把本品放入水杯中,加入热水,轻轻搅拌,放置一会。把上半部分倒掉,这时水杯底如有杂物,系伪品或含杂。如用菊花染色者,上面颜色会洗掉,露出原形。 
鉴别方法
取材自﹕新疆大漠生态有限公司
 

 

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