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ji zi huang  雞子黃 (in English and Chinese 中英文)

Translated by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu 朱興國編譯

 

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Galli Gigeriae Vitellus

Botanical name:

拉丁生物學名﹕

Gallus gallus Domesticus Braisson (Phasianidae)

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

Niwatori ran'ō

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

gyejahwang

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

gai1 zi2 wong4

Other Names:

別名﹕

ji luan huang 雞卵黃,ji dan huang 雞蛋黃。

Common Name:

英文名﹕

chicken egg yolk

Distribution:

產地﹕

 

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

sweet, neutral.

甘,平。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

heart, kidney, spleen.

心,腎,脾。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

The lecithin, triglycerides, and cholesterol of egg yolk, plays a significant role in physical development of the nervous system . The lecithin after digested by the body, releases choline. Choline may improve memory in all age groups.


雞蛋黃中的卵磷脂、甘油三脂、膽固醇和卵黃素,對神經系統和身體發育有很大的作用。卵磷脂被人體消化後,可釋放出膽碱,膽碱可改善各個年齡組的記憶力。

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

To promote yin of the body and cut down heat (Corrects yinxu with fire condition) For treatment of insomnia, high fever, consumptive vomiting blood, vomiting, diarrhea, bleeding during pregnancy, burns, heat sores, eczema, infantile indigestion.

滋陰潤燥, 改善 陰虚火旺徵狀,養血息風。治心煩不得眠,熱病痙厥,虛勞吐血,嘔逆,下痢,胎漏下血,燙傷,熱瘡,濕疹,小兒消化不良。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

Per 100 grams of egg yolk contains: 13.6 grams of protein, 30 grams of lipids, 1 g of carbohydrate , 1.6 g of ash; 134 mg of calcium  532 mg of phosphorus , 7 mg of iron; A3500 international units of vitamin, 0.27 mg of thiamin  , 0.35 mg of riboflavin  , trace amount of niacin , 0.8 ug / g of p-aminobenzoic acid (dried egg yolk)
The proteins contains vitellin, eggyolk-immunoglobulin, ratio of approximately 3.6:1. Also contains at least 5 kinds of asialoglycoprotein.

Chicken egg yolk contains a lot of fatty substances (egg white contains only about 0.1%), of which approximately 10% are phospholipids, and in phospholipid, lecithin is the main ingredient. The egg yolk is the combination of vitellin and lecithin. The fatty acids in the fatty substances , are mainly oleic acid ( accounted for 46.7% of fatty acids), linoleic acid (19%), linolenic acid (2.9%), unsaturated acid (31.4%). Egg yolk contains approximately 1.3% cholesterol, glucose (as compound and in free form) of approximately 0.3%.

Also contains a variety of lutein and lutein isomers also contain a small amount of carotene. Feed can affect the result of the color of egg yolk; so the egg yolk certainly also contain other various pigments.
 

每100克含蛋白質13.6克,脂類30克,碳水化物1克,灰分1.6克;鈣134毫克,磷532毫 克,鐵7毫克;維生素A3500國際單位,硫胺素0.27毫克,核黃素0.35毫克,尼克酸微量,對氨基苯甲酸(乾燥卵黃)0.8微克/克。

蛋白質有卵黃磷蛋白、卵黃球蛋白,其含率比約為3.6:1。還含至少5種唾液酸糖蛋白。

雞子黃含大量脂肪性物質(雞子白只含約0.1%),其中約10%是磷脂,而磷脂中又以卵磷脂為主;上述卵黃磷蛋白,在雞子黃中就是與卵磷脂相結合的。

脂肪性物質中的脂肪酸,主要是油酸(佔脂肪酸46.7%)、亞油酸(19%)、亞麻酸(2.9%)、飽和酸(31.4%)。又雞子黃含膽甾醇約1.3%,葡萄糖(化合及游離)約0.3%。

還含葉黃素和葉黃素的多種異構物,也含少量胡蘿卜素。因飼料能影響蛋黃的顏色,肯定蛋黃還含其它種種色素。


The following is from U.S.D.A. 以下來至美國農業部資料:

Proximates

大若

 

value per 100g

每100克

per cup 243g

每杯243克

large 17g

大粒17克

Water

g

52.31

127.11

8.89

Energy

熱量

kcal

千卡

322

782

55

Protein

蛋白質

g

15.86

38.54

2.70

Total lipid (fat)

總脂肪

g

26.54

64.49

4.51

Carbohydrate, by difference

碳水化合物

g

3.59

8.72

0.61

Fiber, total dietary

總食用纖維

g

0.0

0.0

0.0

Sugars, total

總糖

g

0.56

1.36

0.10

Minerals 礦物質

Calcium, Ca

mg

129

313

22

Iron, Fe

mg

2.73

6.63

0.46

Magnesium, Mg鎂

mg

5

12

1

Phosphorus, P 磷

mg

390

948

66

Potassium, K

mg

109

265

19

Sodium, Na

mg

48

117

8

Zinc, Zn

mg

2.30

5.59

0.39

Vitamins

維生素

Vitamin C, total

維生素C

 (ascorbic acid)

mg

0.0

0.0

0.0

Thiamin

硫胺素

mg

0.176

0.428

0.030

Riboflavin

核黃素

mg

0.528

1.283

0.090

Niacin

菸酸

mg

0.024

0.058

0.004

Vitamin B-6

 維生素B-6

mg

0.350

0.850

0.059

Folate, DFE

葉酸鹽

g

146

355

25

Vitamin B-12

維生素B-12

g

1.95

4.74

0.33

Vitamin A, RAE

維生素A,視黃醇活性當量

g

381

926

65

Vitamin A, IU

維生素A,IU

IU

1442

3504

245

Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)

維生素E

mg

2.58

6.27

0.44

Vitamin D (D2 + D3)

維生素D2+D3

g

5.4

13.1

0.9

Vitamin D

維生素D

IU

218

530

37

Vitamin K (phylloquinone)

維生素K

g

0.7

1.7

0.1

Lipids

脂肪

Fatty acids, total saturated

總飽和脂肪酸

g

9.551

23.209

1.624

Fatty acids, total monounsaturated

脂肪酸,單不飽和,總量

g

11.738

28.523

1.995

Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated

脂肪酸,多不飽和,總量

g

4.204

10.216

0.715

Cholesterol

膽固醇

mg

1085

2637

184

Other

其他

Caffeine

咖啡因

mg

0

0

0

Daly Dosage:

每日用量﹕

For oral consumption:cook 1 to 3 pieces, or taken raw.

External application: use appropriate amount and apply on affected area.

內服:煮食,1-3枚;或生服。外用;適量,塗敷

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

Name of formula:

Luan Fa Ji Zi Gao (Source: Zhuan Xin Fang)

Application: heat sores or herpes simplex I of little children

Prescription: egg yolks 5 pieces, human hair a handful like size of an egg.

Place the 2 items on an iron frying pan and heat. At first it seems very dry. After a while liquid will come out (fat from egg yolk). Then put into a china bowl. Smear on the boils, sprinkle ku shen powder over it.

藥方名:亂髮雞子膏 (劉禹錫《傳信方》

治孩子熱瘡。

處方:雞子五枚(去白取黃),亂髮如雞子許大。二味相和於鐵銚子中,炭火熬,初甚干,少頃即發焦,遂有液出(蛋黃的脂肪),旋取置一瓷碗中,以液盡為度,取塗熱瘡上,即以苦參末粉之。

 

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

Use with care in cases of coronary heart disease, hypertension, arterial atherosclerosis

有冠心病,高血壓,動脈血管粥樣硬化者慎用。

 

 

 

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Last update: Mar 30, 2014; 4:12 p.m. LAH