Pharmaceutical Names

 

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Pharmaceutical Names of Herbs

 

Translated  by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu  按此看中文

 

Pharmaceutical names of herbs come from the derivations of botanical names. The pharmaceutical names are made by adding a, e, i, icis and cis to the end of the botanical names:

Botanical names that end with a: add e

Botanical names that end with n: add e

Botanical names that end with um: replace um with i

Botanical names that end with us: replace us with i

Botanical names that end with ex: add icis

Botanical names that end with x: add cis

Examples:

Parts of Plants Pharmaceutical Names Botanical Names
Roots Radix Angelicae dahuricae Angelica dahurica (Fisc.)Benth. et Hook. f. orAngelica

dahurica (Fish.) ex Hook. f. var. Angelica taiwaniana

(Boiss.) Shan et Yuan

Roots Radix Platycodi Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC.
Underground stems Rhizoma cimicifugae Cimicifuga foetida, L. var, intermedia, Regel
Bulbs Pseudobulbus Cremastrae seu Pleione Cremastra variabilis (Bl.) Nakai

Cremastra appendiculate

Pleione bulbocodioides

Whole plants Herba Artemisiae annuae Artemisia annua
Leaves Folium Perillae Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.
Flowers Flos Chrysanthemi Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.
Branches Ramulus Cinnamomi Cinnamomum cassia Blume
Medulla Medulla Tetrapanacis TTetrapanax papyriferus (Hook.) K .Koch
Fruits Fructus Viticis Vitex rotundifolia Linn.

Vitex trifolia Linn

Seed Semen Cassiae Cassia tora, L.; Cassia obtusifolia L
Wooden part Lignum Santali albi Santalum album
Oil Oleum Sesami Sesamum orientale Linn.

Source of information: Chamber of Seed Research, Taiwan University, Taiwan, Republic of China.

生藥名稱的解釋

植物類藥品名稱是演變自植物學名。藥品名稱由通過添加,E,I,ICIS,CIS 到的植物學名稱的末尾: 植物的名字的結尾是 a:加 上e 植物的名稱的結尾是 n:加上 e 植物的名稱的結尾是 um:去掉 um 而代之以 i 植物的名稱的結尾是 us: 去掉 us, 而代之以 i 植物的名稱的結尾是ex:加 icis 植物的名稱的結尾是 x:加 cis 例如:

植物部分 藥名 植物學名
Radix Angelicae dahuricae Angelica dahurica (Fisc.)Benth. et Hook. f. orAngelica

dahurica (Fish.) ex Hook. f. var. Angelica taiwaniana

(Boiss.) Shan et Yuan

Radix Platycodi Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC.
地下莖 Rhizoma Cimicifugae Cimicifuga foetida, L. var, intermedia, Regel
鱗莖 Pseudobulbus Cremastrae seu Pleione Cremastra variabilis (Bl.) Nakai

Cremastra appendiculate

Pleione bulbocodioides

全株 Herba Artemisiae annuae Artemisia  annua  L.
Folium Perillae Perilla frutescens (L.) Britt.
Flos Chrysanthemi Morifolii Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.
樹枝 Ramulus Cinnamomi Cassiae Cinnamomum cassia Blume
木髓 Medulla Tetrapanacis Tetrapanax papyriferus (Hook.) K .Koch
Fructus Viticis Vitex rotundifolia Linn. (單葉蔓荊)

Vitex trifolia Linn (三葉蔓荊)

種子 Semen Cassiae Cassia tora, L.; Cassia obtusifolia L
木質部 Lignum Santali albi Santalum album L.
Oleum Sesami Sesamum orientale Linn.

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