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fu ling  茯 苓, (yun ling 雲苓fu shen  茯 神 )


By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu


Click here to see picture .

Fu shen is the part around the root. Usually it is used as fu ling but considered as a stronger effect on calming emotion.

The light red variety is called chi fu shen or zhu fu shen.and is used in treatment of damp-heat 濕熱

Present Day Applications:



2. Tumors: Fu ling compound was used on 70 different type of tumors. In some cases only fu ling was used, and in others fu ling was used with chemo therapy, or radiation therapy or surgery. It showed that fu ling can strengthen the body, improve body weight, improve appetite, lessen or prevent side effect of chemo therapy, protect bone marrow, improve liver and kidney functions, improve radiation therapy on nose and throat cancers. (2)

3. Infant diarrhea

4. Improve schizoid condition

5. Improve liver function

6. For baldness after giving birth:

Use 10 g of fu ling. Make into decoction. Twice a day. Externally apply bu gu zhi and han lian cao tincture. All of the eight patients healed in two months. Source: Chinese Dermatology Journal

  1. 水肿。

  2. 治疗癌肿。减低化疗的副作用。

  3. 小儿腹泻。

  4. 改善神经分裂症状。

  5. 增进肝脏功能。

  6. 產後禿頭: 每服10g. 日用二次,加上外用補骨脂旱蓮草酊劑 (中華皮膚科雜誌)

Pharmaceutical name:


Sclerotium Poriae Cocos

Biological name:


 Poria Cocos (Schw.) Wolf

Pron. in Japanese:



Pron. in Korean:



Pron. in Cantonese:


fook leng

Other Names:


yun ling 雲苓﹐bai fu ling 白茯苓, fang ling kuai 方苓塊﹐chuan ling 串苓﹐huo shen 获神﹐huo shem mu 获神木﹐chi huo ling 赤获苓﹐huo ling pi 获苓皮﹐zhu fu ling朱茯苓.  按此看茯苓處方名

Common Name:


poria, sclerotium of tuckahoe, china root, hoelen



Hubei, Anhui, Henan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan provinces of  China

湖 北,安徽,河南, 云南,贵州等省。

Properties (characteristics)


sweet, bland, neutral


Channels (meridians) entered:


heart, spleen, lung, kidney


Actions and Indications:


as diuretics, in urinary difficulty, diarrhea, water retention, pixu with water retention. Urination difficulty due to damp heat.  Pixu with mucus production and headache, dizziness, palpitations, with think greasy tongue coating. Palpitation, insomnia or forgetfulness, loss of appetite. Inflammation of the uterus and chronic sinusitis.

Note: Balance with other herbs in case yinxu condition.

利水 滲 濕 ﹐ 健 脾 化 痰 ﹐ 寧 心 安 神。濕熱 小
便 不 利  ﹐ 水 濕 停 滯﹔ 脾 虛﹕ 腹 瀉 ﹐ 食 少 脘 悶 ﹐

痰 飲 咳 嗽 ﹐ 痰 濕 入 絡 ﹐ 肩 背 酸 痛 ﹐ 咳 逆 ﹐ 胸 悶 ﹐

心 悸 ﹐ 失 眠 等 。  子 宮 炎 症 ﹐ 慢 性 副 鼻 竇 炎 。

Medical Function:


diuretics, reducing plasma glucose, tranquilizing, inhibits bacteria,  relaxing effect on smooth muscles, improves immune system .

  1. 利 尿

  2. 降 血 糖 ﹐

  3. 鎮 靜

  4. 抑 菌

  5. 放鬆平滑肌

  6. 增 強 免 疫 功 能

Chemical ingredients:


pachymose 84.2%, albuninoid 0.68%, fiber 2.84%, pachymaran (3),  b-pachyman,  b-pachymanase,

pachymic acid, tumulosic acid,eburioic acid, pinicolic acid,  3 b-hydroxy lanosta-7, 9 (11), poricoic acid A (16 a-hydroxy-3,

 4-secolanosta-4 (28), 7, 0 (11),  24-trien-21-oic acid, poricoic acid B (16 a-hydroxy-2, 4-secolanosa-4 (28), 7, 9 (11),

24-tetraen-3, 21-dioic acid) (8),  Fatty acid:caprylic acid, undecanoic acid, lauric acid, dodecenole acid, palmitic acid. Others:

ergosterol, gum, histadine, choline, chitin, protein, fats, glucose, sterols, histamines, lecithin,  lipase, choline, adenine. Other non organic items: SiO2, Mg, P, Fe, Ca, S, Na, K, Mn, Cl.  



5 to 15 g

常 用 量 5 - 15 克 。

Samples of formulae:


Samples of formulae:



Not suitable for patients with yinxu (yin deficient) condition. [1]

The characteristics of the herb fu ling is that it is more of a diuretic than a tonic herb. Over usage can weaken the eyes. Not compatible with chronic weakness of the body. [2]

Not to use in cases of shenxu (kidney deficient)  with urinary incontinence, or in cases of clear sperm or spermatorrhea due to yangxu (yang deficient). [3]

Not compatible with rice venegar.

本 草綱目》: 陰虛者不宜用也。《本草正》:茯苓,補少利多,故多服最能損目,久弱極不相宜。《得配本草》:氣虛下陷, 水涸口干俱禁用。《本草經疏》 :病人腎 虛,小水自利或不禁或虛寒 (陽 虛)精清滑,皆不得服。《藥性論》:忌米醋。

[1]Ben Cao Gang Mu

[2] Jin Yue Quan Shu, Ben Cao Zheng

[3] Ben Cao Jing Shu

A manuscript... writing, translating and proofreading  in progress

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Last update: June 18, 2009, 1:44  p.m. LAH      poria_cocos.htm fu_ling.htm