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qing xiang zi   青葙子 and ji guan hua 雞冠花

By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu             (in English and Chinese 中英文)

Pharmaceutical name:

藥 名 ﹕

Semen Celosiae Argenteae

Flos Celosiae Argenteae

Biological name:

拉 丁 文 ﹕

Celosia argentea L.  (qing xiang zi 青葙 )

Celosia  cristata L.  (ji guan hua 雞 冠 花 )

Pron. in Japanese:

日 語 發 音 ﹕

seisoshi

Pron. in Korean:

韓 語 發 音 ﹕

ch'ongsangja

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵 語 發 音 ﹕

ching siong chi

Common Name:

英 文 名 ﹕

celosia seed

celosia flower.

Distribution:

分 佈 ﹕

Ji guan huan was originally growing in Africa, south America and India. Now it is grown throughout China and south east Asia Qing xiang hua is found in whole China and Southeast Asia.

雞冠花原產於非洲,南美洲與印度。現全 中 國 與 東 南 亞 均有。青葙花在全中國與東南亞都有。

Other Names:

別名﹕

qing xiang hua also called: ye ji guang hua, gou wei hua, gou wei xian.

青葙花又名:野雞冠花,狗尾花、狗尾莧。

ji guan hua also called: ji gong hua, ji jie hua, ji jiao hua.

雞冠花又名雞公花、雞髻花、雞角根.

 

 

Properties (characteristics)﹕

性 味﹕

sweet, cool.

甘 ﹐ 涼 。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸 經 ﹕

liver

Actions & Indications:

主 治 ﹕

clears wind heat, liver fire qing xiang zi: decoction

used as drops stops nose bleeding; internal use

in heat, painful, swollen eyes, superficial visual

obstruction and cataracts caused by wind-heat

or liver fire.

ji quan hua zi: bleeding in hemorrhoids, diarrhea with red and

white muccus, bleeding in menopause, yeast infections with red

or white discharge and various types of bleeding.

Seeds (zi) and flowers have the same medicinal effects.

青葙子煎劑點鼻止鼻血. 內服用于熱性眼腫痛﹐風熱肝火盛的

白內障。

雞冠花﹕用于痣瘡出血﹐紅白痢﹐紅白帶﹐各種出血。

青葙子與雞冠花可通用。子與花可通用。皆用于﹕急 性 結 膜 炎 , 虹 膜 炎 , 葡 萄 膜 炎 ,高 血 壓 ,

鼻 衄 , 皮 膚 風 熱 瘙 癢 , 疥 癩 。

Chemical ingredients:

化 學 成 份 ﹕

 

Seed of qing xiang zi contain:

青葙子含:

β-sitosterol

β-穀甾醇

cholesterylpalmitatie

棕櫚酸膽甾烯酯

3,4-dihydroxylbenzaldehyde

3,4-二羥基苯甲醛

p-hydroxylbenzoic acid

對羥基苯甲酸

3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid

3,4-二羥基苯甲酸

n-butyl-β-D-frucose glycoside

正丁基-β-D-果糖苷

cane sugar

蔗糖

celosiaol

青葙子油脂

niacin

煙酸

potassium nitrate

硝酸鉀

Modern Research:

現 代 研 究 ﹕

Being used in treating hypertension

治 高 血 壓 。

Medical function:

藥理:

anti-inflammation.

dilates blood vessels.

Killing effect of Trichomonas vaginalis: celosia decoction possesses a good killing effect on human Trichomonas vaginalis. Using 10% decoction of Trichomonas vaginalis with same amount culture medium, in 30 minutes the parasites became round , activities were decreased , and in 60 minutes most of the parasites disappeared. With 20% decoction, the parasites disappearrf within 5-10 minutes. [1]

Using 10% celosia injectiones on pregnant rats, pregnant guinea pigs, and rabbits resulted mid-term induction abortion. [1]

有消炎作用。

能擴張血管。.

殺滅陰道毛滴虫作用: 雞冠花煎劑對人陰道毛滴虫有良好殺滅作用,10%煎劑加等量陰道滴虫培養液,30分鐘時虫體變圓,活動力減弱,60分鐘時大部分虫體消失;20%煎劑可使虫體5-10分鐘內消失。【1】

雞冠花10%注射液對孕鼠、孕豚鼠、家兔等宮腔內給藥有中期引產作用。【1】

Dosage:

用量﹕

Per day dosage: seed or flower, 5~10 grams.

每日量﹐花或子﹕5 ~ 10 克。

Samples of formulae:

處方 舉例﹕

淋渫雞冠散:

治五痔肛邊腫痛,或竄乳,或竄穴,或作瘡,久而不愈,變成漏瘡:雞冠花、風眼草各一兩。上為粗末。每用粗末半兩,水碗半,煎三、五沸,熱洗患處。(《衛生寶鑒》)

Cautions﹕

禁 忌 :

 

Do not use in cases of glaucoma or liver or kidney deficiency because it has a strong heat clearing effect and and can dilate the pupils.

青光眼﹐瞳孔散大或肝弱或腎虛者忌用

Note:

註 ﹕

ji guan hua (celosiea  critata L. ) and qing xiang  (Celosia argentea L.) are of the same family but of different species. The flowers with the shape of the comb of male chicken are called ji guan hua, literally means chicken comb flower. The flowers with the shape of wheat sprays are called qing xiang. (zi means seed).

They can be used interchangeably.

雞 冠 花 與 青 葙 同 屬 異 種 的 植 物 。 其 花 如 雞 冠 者 是 雞 冠 花 。

其 花 如 麥 橞 者 是 青葙 。用 法 相 同 。

[1] 《source: Zhong Hua Ben Cao  》

[1] 《 中華本草 》

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Last update: Dec 23, 2013; 10 a.m. LAH