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rou dou kou 肉豆蔻   (in English and Chinese 中英文)

 

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

 

Pharmaceutical name:

Semen Myristicae Fragrantis

Biological name:

學名﹕

Myristica cagayanensis Merr.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

nikuzuku

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

yuktugu

Pron. in Cantonese:

粤語發音:

yuk6 dau6 kau3

Other Names:別名﹕

rou kou, yu kou, rou guo

Common Name:

常用英文名﹕

nutmegs

Distribution:

Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Langka, Taiwan, Guangdong, Yunnan, West Indies, and Brasil.

Properties characteristics:性味:

acrid, warm, toxic

味辛,性溫, 有毒。

Channels meridians entered:

 歸經﹕

spleen, stomach, large intestine

脾﹐胃﹐大腸

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

Being used as astringent to the intestine to relieve diarrhea; and to  invigorate digestion. Often being used in cold and deficient type of diarrhea, abdominal pain and flatulence, cold extremities, incontrollable diarrhea, lack of appetite and vomiting, weak digestion, vomiting and diarrhea due to parasites in children.

External use: sprains and bruises from injuries.

有澀腸止瀉﹐溫中行氣的功能。用於虛寒久瀉不止﹐脘腹冷痛﹐氣滯脹痛﹐脾胃虛寒﹐手足厥冷﹐滑泄不禁﹐食少嘔吐﹐消化不良﹐小兒乳積吐瀉等。

外用﹕跌打瘀傷﹐關節扭傷。

Medical function:

藥理作用﹕

improves digestion and appetite.

有增進食慾﹐促進消化作用。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

  1. si shen wan

  2. rou dou kou wine extract: soak the outer wrapping of the seeds in rice wine of high alcohol content. Let sit in room temperature for about a month. Usage: for massaging bruises and sprain from injuries. (source: family formula of editor)

 

  1. 豆蔻花(衣)酒 (外用)﹕肉豆蔻種子的外衣﹐晒乾。浸入三蒸米酒中。放於室內大約一個月左右。用於扭傷﹐跌打傷。按摩患處。(編者祖傳藥方)

  2.  四神丸

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

Seeds contain:

  • evaporating oil of  5 ~ 15 %﹐

  • fat of  25 ~ 40 %﹐

  • starch

  • Pinene

  • Sabinene

  • Camphene 60~ 80%

  • Myristicin ~ 4%

  • Eugenol

  • Safrol

  • Elemicin

  • α-Thujene

  • Carene

  • Dipentene

  • Geraniol

  • Myristin 40 ~73 %

  • Olein 3 %

  • Diarylpropanoid  I, IV, V, VIII, X

 

Wrappings of the seeds contain:

  • evaporating oil of 6 ~ 11 %

  • Macilenic acid ( C14H26O2)

  • Diarylpropanoid II, III, VI, IX, X

  • the rest same as the seed

種子包含:
揮發油的5%〜15%,
脂肪25%〜40%,
澱粉
蒎烯
香檜烯
莰烯 60%〜80%
肉荳蔻〜4%
丁子香酚
黃樟油素
欖香素, 三甲氧基丙稀基苯
α-崖柏烯
蒈烯
雙戊烯
香葉醇
肉豆蔻脂; (三肉豆蔻酸甘油酯 ) 40〜73%的
油酸3%
二芳基丙醇 I,IV,V,VIII,X

種子包皮含以下內容:
揮發油 6〜11%
肉豆蔻衣酸(C14H26O2)
二芳基丙醇 II,III,VI,IX,X
的其餘部與種子相同

Dosage:

用量:

3 to 6 g

3~6克。

Cautions:

禁忌:

not to use in cases of: 

  • diarrhea due to damp-heat infection or food poisoning

  • during pregnancy.

  • hemorrhoids

  • gum infections

以下情形忌服

  • 濕熱 瀉痢者或因食物細菌中毒

  • 懷孕婦人

  • 痔瘡

  • 牙周炎

Toxicity:

毒性:

large dosage can cause death. Ingesting 7.6 g can cause dizziness and stupor.

大量服用肉豆蔻種子可導致瞳孔放大﹐昏迷﹐驚厥﹔並有致死亡的報導。服用7.6 克可致使頭昏失知的報導。

 

Editor note: dry seeds of rou dou kou are used in medicine or as cooking spice and its toxicity is higher than the meat of the fruit. In places that produce rou dou kou, the pickled fruit are being eaten as snack. After being pickled the toxicity is less.

 

編者註﹕藥用或作香料用是用肉豆蔻的乾燥之種子﹐毒性大。一般在產地當水果用的肉豆蔻是用鹽或糖或加醋醃過的果肉﹐毒性小。

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Last update: July 28, 2013; 10:48 a.m. LAH