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sha ji 沙棘            (in English and Chinese)

 by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

 

Present Day Applications:

現代應用﹕

For anti-inflammation of respiratory tract, treatment of chronic bronchitis.

消除呼吸道炎症﹐  治 療慢性氣管炎

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Fructus Hippophae

Biological name:

拉丁文學名﹕

Hippophae rhamnoides Linn.

Japanese Names:

日語發音﹕

saji

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

sa geuk

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

saa1 gik1

Other Names:

別名﹕

cu liu 醋柳,suan ci 酸刺,hei ci 黑刺, huang suan ci 黃酸刺,suan ci ya 酸刺椏

Common Name:

英文名﹕

sea buckthorn

Distribution:

產地﹕

shanxi, Shaanxi, Nei Menggu, Hebei, Gansu, Ningxia, Liaoning, Qinghai,

Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Xinjiang, Xizang. provinces of China.

山西陝西內蒙古河北甘肅寧 夏遼寧青海四川雲南 貴州新疆西藏等

按此看分佈詳情。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

warm, sour, acrid.

性温,味酸,涩。

Medical functions:
  1. therapy effect on cardiovascular system

  2. therapy effect on digestive system

  3. therapy effect on burn, scalding, cut, and old injuries

  4. enhancing effect on immune system

  5. protective effect on injuries from radiation

  6. inhibit effect on tumors

  7. anti-oxidant effect [1]

 

  1. 對心血管系統疾病的治療作用

  2. 對消化系統疾病的治療作用

  3. 對燒傷,燙傷,刀傷和舊傷的治療作用

  4. 對免疫功能的提昇作用

  5. 對輻射損傷的保護作用

  6. 抗腫瘤作用

  7. 抗氧化作用

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經﹕

 

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

For treatment of cough, blood clots, constipation, .burn, scalding, cut, and

old injuries, cervical erosion.

External application of oil: for rosacea caused by Demodex folliculorum hominis

infection

止咳祛痰,消食化滞,活血散瘀。用于咳嗽痰多,消化不良,食 積腹痛,跌撲瘀腫,瘀血經閉  , 瀉下,燒傷,燙傷,刀傷和舊傷

油外用可治皮膚毛囊蠕 型螨感染 ﹐ 如 酒渣鼻

Chemical ingredients:化學成份﹕

Alkaloids:生物鹼:

sanjoinine A (frangufoline),B,D,E (nuciferine),F,G1,G2,Ia (nornuciferine),Ib (norisocorydine),K (coclaurine) (N-methylasimilobine)(zizyphusine) (caaver-ine,5- hydroxy-6-methoxynoraporphine)(amphibine D)

酸棗仁鹼 A (歐鼠李葉鹼),B,D,E (荷葉鹼),F,G1,G2,Ia (原荷葉鹼),Ib (去甲異紫堇定),K (右旋的衡州烏藥鹼),N-甲基巴婆鹼 ,酸李鹼,5-羥基-6-甲氧基去甲阿朴啡,安木非賓鹼D

sanjoinenine

酸棗仁環肽

Triterpenoids:

三萜類:

betulinic acid,betulin,ceanothic acid,alphitolic acid,jujuboside A,B,daucosterol

白樺脂酸,白樺脂醇,美洲茶 酸,麥珠子酸,酸棗皂甙A,B,以及胡蘿卜甙

Flavonoids:

黃酮類:

spinosin (2-O-β-D-glucopyrano-   sylswertisin

斯皮諾素,(2- O-β-D-吡 喃葡萄糖基當藥素)

zivulgarin

酸棗黃素

6"-p-coumaroylspinosin

6"-對香豆酰斯皮諾素

swertisin

當藥素

vicenin

6,8-二-C-葡萄糖基芹 菜素

isorhamnetin

異鼠李素

isorhamnetin-3-β-D-glucoside

異鼠李素-3-β-D-葡萄糖甙

isorhamnetin-3-β-rutinoside

異鼠李素-3-β-芸香糖甙

oligosides

槲皮素及山柰酚的低糖甙

Fe,Ca,Mg,K,Zn,Cu, Mn

鐵,鈣,鎂,鉀,鋅,銅,錳。

Carotene, vitamin E, vitamin K, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C胡蘿卜素,維生素E,維生素K,維生素A,維生素B,維生素C

Dosage:

用量﹕

3 ~ 9 g

3 ~ 9 克 。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

 

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

not to use during pregnancy or for small children

懷孕期間與小兒忌用 。

[1] S. Geetha, M. Sai Ram, V. Singh, G Ilavazhagan, R.C. Sawhney. Anti oxidant and immunomodulatory properties of seabuckthorn (Hippohae rhamnoides) - an in vitro study. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 79, Issue 3, pp. 373 - 378, March, 2002 ,

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Last update: Dec 3,  2011: 12:29 p.m. LAH  sha_ji.htm sea_buckthorn.htm