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shen jin cao 伸筋草  (in English and Chinese 中英文)

 by Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Herba Lycopodii

Biological name:

植物學名﹕

Lycopodium  clavatum  L.

Lycopodium cernuum L. (垂穗石松(鋪地蜈蚣))

Lycopodium obscurum L. (玉 柏)

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

shinkinsou

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

singeuncho

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

san1  gan1 cou2

Other Names:

別名﹕

su jin cao

舒筋草

shi song

石松

kuan jin teng  [1]

寬筋藤 [1]

shi zi cao

獅子草

tong shen cao

通伸草

Common Name:

英文名﹕

common club moss, running Ground pine, running club moss, wolf's foot..

Distribution:

產地﹕

mainly produced in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Hunan, Sichuan.

主產浙江,江蘇,湖南,四川。

Lycopodium  clavatum  L. 外,浙江,江西,四川,廣西,廣东等省區尚用同属垂穗石松(鋪地蜈蚣) Lycopodium cernum L.的全草。

Properties

 characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

bitter, acrid, warm

温 。

Channels  meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

liver , spleen, kidney

肝﹐ 脾﹐ 《四川中藥志》

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

The ingredient α-onocerin of Lycopodium  clavatum has the effect of inhibiting acetylcholinesterase [2] and can be an herb for treating dementia cause by spleen deficient

Anti-inflammatory effect

hypotensive effect

Inhibiting Candida Albicans secreted aspartic proteases [note] [3].

伸筋草之化學成份, α-芒柄花萜醇有抑制乙 醯膽鹼酵素【註】。[3] 本品可能對因脾 虛所致健忘或痴呆症有效。

抗炎作用

降血壓作用

抑制白色念珠球菌分泌的羧基 蛋白酶 (天 冬氨酸蛋白酶)

解除小兒之痙攣性尿瀦留及便秘

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

rheumatism, numbness in the skin, edema, physical injuries.

治風寒濕痺,關節酸痛,皮膚麻木,四肢軟弱,水腫, 跌打損傷。 
應用於風濕性關節炎及急性化膿性關節炎,或是頸,腰椎病,軟組織損傷,肌肉疼痛,筋脈拘緊等,可加 強通絡止痛之功效。
 

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

 
whole herb contains: 全草含:
Lycopodine 石松鹼
Clavatine 棒石松鹼
Clavolonine 棒石松洛寧鹼
Fawcettiine 法氏石松鹼
Lycodoline 石松灵鹼
Lucidoline 鲁西地寧鹼
Phlegmariurine 弗来馬林鹼
Obscurine 玉柏鹼
Clavatoxine 石松毒鹼
Nicotine 菸鹼
acid substances ( 0.08% of dry herbs): 酸性物质(占乾品0.08 %):

VaniIlic  acid

香荚蘭酸

Ferulic  acid

阿魏酸

Azelaic  acid

壬二酸(杜鹃花酸 )

triterpenes : 三萜化合物

α-onocerin

α-芒柄花萜醇

Clavatol

伸筋草萜醇

Lycoclavanol

石松醇

Lycoclavanin

石松寧

16-Oxoserratenediol

16-氧 山芝烯二醇

Lyclaninol

伸筋草萜寧醇

Serratenediol

千層塔萜烯二醇

21- episerratriol

21-表千層塔萜烯二醇

other: 其它﹕

β-sitosterol

β-谷甾醇

stigmasterol (C29H45O )

豆甾醇

Campestanol

菜油甾醇

glucoside

葡萄糖甙

triacontane

正三十烷烯

soft fatty acid

軟脂酸

Emodin

大黄素

Physcion

大黄素-6-甲醚

glucosides of physcion

大黄素-6-甲醚之糖甙

Dosage:

用 量﹕

6 ~ 15 g in decoction.

入煎劑﹕ 6 ~ 15 克。

Samples of formulae:

處方 舉例﹕

治小兒麻痺後遺症:鳳尾伸筋、南蛇藤根、鬆節、尋骨風各五錢,威靈仙三錢,茜草二錢,杜蘅五分。煎服。(江西《中草藥學》)

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

not to use during pregnancies or during excessive bleeding.

Note: do not presoak this herb in water before baking.

孕婦及出血過多者忌服。

[注意] 本品炮時 不宜水浸。

Note: Under normal condition, the aspartic proteases secreted by Candida Albicans does not increase the effect of causing diseases or harmful effect. {4]

註:天冬氨酸蛋白酶在正常條件下并不能增加白念菌的侵蝕性和致病力.[4]

【1】It is important to note that this herb is sometimes called kuan jin teng but not to confuse with Herba Tinosporae sinensis  which is mainly called kuan jin teng.

【2】 Planta Med. 2003 Mar;69(3):265-7.

【1】] 本品亦稱為寬筋藤,但不是學名Tinospora sinensis 亦稱 寬筋藤

【3】乙醯膽鹼酵素 : 是一種促進水化(消滅)乙 醯膽鹼之酵素。乙醯膽鹼是 一種神經神經遞質。如果 神經神經遞質被消滅太 多會導致臟躁, 憂鬱,  健忘或痴獃等症。

【4】 ACADEMIC JOURNAL OF KUNMING MEDICAL COLLEGE VOL: 2003, 24(1):

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Last update: Mar 24, 2011; 1:25  a.m. LAH