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di huang 地黄, shu di huang 熟地黄, sheng di huang 生地黄

By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

 

See picture of herb here.  按此看地黄飲片圖。

Pharmaceutical name:

英文药名:

Radix Rehmanniae

Biological name:

拉丁名:

  • Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch (huai qing di huang 淮慶地黃)var. huaichingens

  • Rehmannia. lutea Max. var. Purpurea Makino {筧 橋 地 黃 )

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音:

shojio (for sheng di huang). jukujio (for shu di huang)

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音:

sukchihwang (for shu di huang)

saengchihwang (for sheng di huang)

Pron. in Cantonese

粤語發音:

   dei6  wong4; suk6 dei6  wong4; saang1 dei6 wong4

Common Name:

英文名:

   rehmannia

Distribution:

Properties (characteristics)

性味:

sweet, bitter. Sheng di huang is cold and shu di huang is warm.

甜﹐苦。生地 黃寒。熟地黃溫。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

 heart, kidney, and liver channels.

入心﹐腎﹐肝 經。

Actions & Indications:

主治:

It is being used as a blood tonic  usually for the weakness caused by tuberculosis, vomiting blood, nose bleeding,  coughing blood, bleeding in the uterus.

一般作為補血藥。用於肺痨衰弱,吐血,鼻血,咳血,子宫出血。

Medical Function:

药理:

  •  Medium dosages strengthen the function of the heart. Large doses are toxic for the heart.

  •  Increases blood pressure.

  •  Small doses constrict the blood vessels and large doses dilate the blood vessel.

  •  It possesses the characteristics of diuretics.

  •  It decreases the blood sugar and  inhibits carbohydrates being converted into blood sugar.

  1. 中等剤量有强心作用。大剤量對心臟有毒。

  2. 增加血壓。

  3. 小剤量能收缩血管。大剤量能擴張血管。

  4. 有利尿作用。

  5. 降低血糖。能抑制碳水化合物變作血糖。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份:

See Chemical ingredients

按此看地黃的化 學成份

Dosage:

用 量:

10 grams to 30 grams per day, boiled with water. Raw sheng di huang juice can be used on open wounds.

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例:

shi quan da bu tang, 十全大補湯,

 liu wei di huang wan 六味地黄丸,  

zhi bai di huang wan知 柏地黄丸,

Modern Research:

现代研究:

To be loaded

Cautions:

注意:

Use caution when using large dosages. Large doses has shown to be toxic for the heart of frogs.

Sheng di huang should not be used in cases of pixu with dampness, or in cases of yangxu, and in pregnant women with blood deficiency of pixu or weixu (stomach deficiency).

 Shu di huang is less toxic and the side effects are mild.

The side effects can include diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, weakness, and palpitations.

大劑量可能對心臟有毒。

生地黃﹕脾 虛濕重陽 虛大便溏瀉者不宜用;中焦濕勝者要慎用為宜。懷孕期間有血 虛脾胃虛弱不宜用。

熟地黃﹕熟地毒素較弱脾 胃虛弱痰多﹐中焦濕蘊,一般忌用熟地。

副作用包括腹痛眩 暈無力心律不整。

 

When di huang has been just prepared by drying, it is called sheng di huang. Sheng means raw.

When di huang has been prepared by steaming together with other herbs, it is called shu di huang. Shu means cooked.

 

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A manuscript... writing, translating and proofreading              in progress

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Last update:May 4, 2013; 9:30 p.m. LAH