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ge zao mi hou tao 葛棗獼猴桃  (in English and Chinese)

Translated and edited by: Joe Hing kwok Chu 朱興國編譯

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Fructus Actinidiae polygamae

Folium Actinidiae polygamae

Botanical name:

學名﹕

Actinidia polygama (Sieb. et Zucc.) Maxim.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

matatabi

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

cheonryo (天蓼), deungcheonryo (藤 天 蓼), cheonryomok (天蓼木), mokcheonryoja (木天蓼子)

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

got3 zou2 mei4 hau4 tou4

Other Names:

別名﹕

tian liao天蓼,teng tian liao 藤天蓼,tian liao mu天蓼木,jin lian zhi 金蓮枝,han shui teng 含水藤,niu nai nai 牛奶奶,zhuan di feng 鑽地風,yang tao 羊桃,yang nai nai shu 羊奶奶樹, gou zao zi 狗棗子,mao ren shen (cat ginseng) 貓人參。

Common Name:

英文名﹕

fruit, twigs and leaves of silver vine

Distribution:

產地﹕

Russia, Korea, Japan and China, especially in provinces like Hunan, Yunan, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Guizhou, Hubei, Hebei, Shaanxi, Henan, Gansu, Jilin, Liaonin.

俄羅斯,朝鮮,日本以及中國大陸的湖南,雲 南,黑龍江,山東,貴州,湖北,河北,陝西,河南,甘肅,吉林,遼寧等地,

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

acrid, warm; nontoxic [1]

辛,溫,無毒【1】。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

liver, kidney.

肝,腎。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

  1. diuretic effect
  2. cardiac stimulating effect
  3. anti inflammation[4]
  4. anti allergens[7]
  5. inhibit human promyelocytic leukemia cells [3][6]
  6. liver protection [5]
  7. inhibits carbonylation in the skin, which promotes skin translucency and brightness [10]
  8. possess strong antioxidative activity  [13]
  9. antihypertensive activity [13]

 

  1. 利尿
  2. 強心
  3. 抗炎
  4. 抗過敏
  5. 抑制人類早幼粒細胞白血病細胞【3】
  6. 保肝【5】
  7. 抑制皮膚羰基化,使皮膚光亮。[10]
  8. 抗氧化作用【13】
  9. 抗高血壓【13】

 

Actions & Indications:

主治與功能 ﹕

 

Fruit with insect galls, twigs, leaves are being used.帶虫癭的果實, 枝葉作藥用。
Pain in hernia疝痛
Polyuria.多尿症

Heart tonic

補心藥

Rheumatism [4]

風濕病【4】
Cystitis膀胱炎
Arthritic pain [4]關節炎疼痛【4】
Hypertension高血壓
Diuretic利尿
Sciatic pain坐骨神經痛
Abdominal pain腹痛
High cholesterol高膽 固醇
Liver protection保護 肝臟
Kidney disease腎臟 疾病
Cardiac Ailments中風
Stroke癌症
Cancer心臟疾病
Neuralgia神經痛
Back pain腰痛
Fatigue疲勞
Gout

痛風

Various symptoms of menopause更年期症候群
Poor circulation.循環 不良
Bronchitis [8]支氣管炎【8】
leaves, buds, and stems is used to help prevent colds [9]枝葉 與芽研磨後泡茶作防止傷風感冒【9】
Being used as health food [11]作健 康食物用【11】
Relieving fatigue [9]消除 疲勞【9】

Chemical ingredients:

化學 成份﹕

kaempferol(Ⅰ),daucosterol(Ⅱ),umbelliferone(Ⅲ),kaempferol-3-O-β-D-galactopyranoside(Ⅳ),isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside(Ⅴ),kaemp-ferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosy-(1→6)-β-D-galactopyranoside(Ⅵ),6-C-glycopyranosyl-8-C-xyloeyl apigenin(Ⅶ),kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→3)-α-L-rhamn-opyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-galactopyranoside(Ⅷ) [15]

山柰酚(Ⅰ),胡蘿卜苷(Ⅱ),傘形花內酯(Ⅲ),山柰酚-3-O-β-D-吡喃半乳糖苷(Ⅳ),異鼠李素-3-O-β-D-吡喃葡萄糖苷(Ⅴ),山柰酚-3-O-α-L-鼠李糖基-(1→6)-β-D-吡 喃半乳糖苷(Ⅵ),芹菜素-6-C-葡萄糖基-8-C-木糖苷(Ⅶ),山柰酚-3-O-α-L-鼠李糖基-(1→3)-α-L-鼠李糖基-(1→6)-β-D-吡 喃半乳糖苷(Ⅷ)。【15】

Five new triterpenoids, along with seven known ones, were isolated from the fruit galls of Actinidia polygama. The new compounds were determined to be 2α,3α,23,24-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid, 2α,3α-dihydroxyurs-12-en-24-al-28-oic acid, 2α,3α,24-trihydroxyurs-12-ene-23,28-dioic acid, 2α,3α,23-trihydroxyursa-12,20(30)-dien-28-oic acid and 3α-( trans- p-coumaroyloxy)-2α,23-dihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid on the basis of chemical and spectral evidence.[14]

Dosage:

用量﹕

12 - 30 g in decoction. Take orally twice a day.

12~30克。水煎服,日服2次。

Samples of formulae:
處方舉例﹕

For dental cavities: smash the herb and make into little pills and stuff into the cavities.[2]

治風蟲牙痛:搗爛作丸塞之[2]

Modern Research:

現代 研究﹕

 

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素 與禁忌﹕


Reference:

"Whole China Chinese Herb Compendium"

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actinidia_polygama

參考資料:《全國中草藥匯編》

  1. http://www.cardinalglennon.com/PublishingImages/Poison%20Center/Toxic+and+NonToxic+Plants.pdf
  2.  Pu Ji Fang 《普濟方 》
  3. Journal of Health Science 49(4) 303-309 (2002)
  4. Archives of Pharm. Research 26 (12): 10616.
  5. Sakurai, H. (2005b.). Hepatoprotective effects of tea and extract powders from Silver Vine leaves. 26th World Congress and Exhibition of the ISF. Poster presentation, Prague, Czech Republic
  6. Sakurai, H. (2005). Antihyperlipemic and antitumor effects of components of matatabi leaves. 26th World Congress and Exhibition of the ISF. Poster presentation, Prague, Czech Republic
  7. International Immunopharmacology 6 (4): 703713. doi:10.1016/j.intimp.2005.10.007.
  8.  PMID 16504935.  Kim, H.; Song, M-J.; Potter, D. (2005). "Medicinal efficacy of plants utilized as temple food in traditional Korean Buddihsm". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 104 (1-2): 3246. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2005.08.041. PMID 16216457.
  9.  www.love-nature.jp 昔,疲れきった旅人が,マタタビの実を食べて生気を取り戻し,意気洋々とまた旅を続けたという名の由来が次に続く。
  10. www.jandekker.com
  11. Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment 6 (3-4): 1114. http://www.world-food.net/scientficjournal/2008/issue3/abstracts/abstract2.php.
  12.  doi:10.1021/jf010677l.
  13. African Journal of Food Science Vol. 5(3), pp. 125 - 130, March 2011
  14. PhytochemistryISSN: 0031-9422
  15. Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal, 2009,V44(05): 328-330; 中国药学杂志,2009,V44(05): 328-330

 

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