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su mu 蘇木   (in English and Chinese 中英文)

 

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu    朱興國編譯

Present Day Applications:

現代應用﹕

for lessening the rejection effect in organ transplants.

Pharmaceutical name:

英 文藥名﹕

Lignum Sappan

Biological name:

拉 丁文學名﹕

Caesalpinia sappan L.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

soboku

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

somok

Pron. in Cantonese

粵音﹕

sou1 muk6

Other Names:

別名﹕

su fang mu 蘇枋木, hong chai   紅柴

Common Name:

英文名﹕

sappan wood

Distribution:

產地﹕

mainly in Taiwan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan provinces of China.

主產台灣,廣東,廣西, 貴州, 云南等 省區。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

neutral, sweet, salty.

性平,味甘﹐鹹。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

liver, stomach, large intestine

肝, 胃, 大腸.

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

cardio-vascular effect: injected into the lower limbs of toads, water extract of su mu could mildly constrict the blood vessels. Later using sodium nitrite could not dilate them. In vitro appropriate amount of water solution of su mu could increase the strength of constriction of the hearts of frogs.

Effect on CNS inhibition: appropriate amount of water solution of su mu, using various delivery methods, promoted sleep in mice, rabbit, and guinea pigs. Large amount created anesthesia effects even death. It can inhibit the stimulating effect of strychnine or cocaine but not the stimulating effect of morphine.

anti bacteria effects: su mu decoction of 10% posseses a strong killing effect on Staphylococcus spp. and typhoid bacillus. It is effective on Gram-negative and positive bacilli

 

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

For vomiting, hiccups, burping, indigestion, and  flatulence due to pixu (spleen deficient) or fungal infection; and for difficulty in expelling phlegm; chronic bronchitis; injuries from impact, dysentery, tetanus.

脾 虛寒或濕之嘔吐,呃逆,噫氣, 消化不良,胃部膨脹。痰壅氣逆,頑痰膠結,咳吐不爽,胸中痞悶,慢性氣管炎。跌打損傷﹐ 痢疾﹐ 破傷風 。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

The wood contains:

  1. brasilin 2%, which is oxidized easily into brasilein (which is the red color of su mu)

  2. sappanin

  3. evaporating oil: d-α- phellandrene, ocimene (which is the fragrance of su mu)

  4. tannin acid

木材含:

  • 2%巴西蘇木素,在空氣中易被氧化成紅色的巴西蘇木色素(這是紅顏色的蘇木)

  • 蘇木酚

  • 揮發油:主要成份為:d-α-水芹烯,羅勒烯(這是蘇木的清香成份)

  • 鞣酸。

Dosage:

用量﹕

10 to 20 g.

Concentrated extract: 0.5 to 2 g.

10~20克。 濃縮中藥:0.52.0克 。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

cheng_shang_san cheng

da cheng tang

See formula for Torticollis  (external use)

澄傷散

落枕 外用藥方。

大成湯

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

Using su mu can distinctly prolong the life span of transplanted heart and the change of the cells of the myocardum and the change of the ultrastructures of the cells are milder than the control group, and closer to that of Cyclosporin A group; thus announced by Heilongjiang Traditional Chinese Medical School. Further observation by molecular biology and immunology, su mu can inhibit T cells toxin and can reduce the host rejection reaction, thus protect the transplanted heart.

黑龍江中醫藥大學研究的結果表明,蘇木可以明顯延長移植心臟的存活時間,其心肌細 胞的病理形態學和細胞超微結構的變化要明顯輕於模型對照組,接近於環孢素 A組。經分子生物學及免疫學進一步觀察,蘇木可以抑制細胞毒性T細胞釋 放的穿孔素和顆粒 B的基因表達,從而減輕宿主的抗排斥反應,使被移植的心臟得到保護。

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

Not suitable in cases of  blood deficient   and without  blood stasis . Not to use in cases of pregnancy.

There are fake su mu in the market. Those are dyed wood. When the fake su mu is soaked in water, the water shows light yellow, yellow or orange color.

血虛無者 不宜,孕婦忌服。《綱目》:忌鐵。《本草經疏》:產後惡露已淨,由血虛腹痛者不宜用。《本經逢原》:大便不實者禁用。
市場上發現用木材染色偽制蘇木,該品浸熱水中,水顯淺黃色, 黃色, 橙黃色等。應注意鑒別 。
 

 

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