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suan zao ren 酸棗仁

 

by: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

 

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名 :

Semen Zizyphi Spinosae

Biological name:

拉丁名:

Ziziphus jujuba var. Spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H. F. Chow

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音 :

sansonin

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音 :

sanchoin

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵語發音 :

syun1 zou2 jan4

Common Name:

英文名:

sour jujube seed

Distribution:

分布:

Hebei, Shaanxi, Liaoning, Henan

河北,陜西,遼寧,河南。

Properties (characteristics):

性味:

sweet, sour, neutral , non toxic.

味甘,酸,性平, 無 毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經:

gallbladder, heart, liver, spleen

膽﹐心﹐肝﹐脾。

Actions & Indications:

主治:

calming, tonic yin, prevent abnormal sweating, anxiety, insomnia, excessive dream, palpitation, weak memory, dizziness, night sweating, instant sweating.

有養心安神,益陰斂汗的功能。用於陰血不足,虛煩失眠,多夢, 心悸怔忡,頭暈,健忘,自汗盜汗等。

Medical Function:

藥理:

  1. calming,

  2. promote sleep

  3. relieves pain,

  4. anti epilepsy

  5. lowers blood pressure

  6. anti-arrhythmia

  7. anti lack of oxygen in heart muscle

  8. lowering lipids

  9. prevent atherosclerosis

 

 

  1. 鎮靜

  2. 催眠

  3. 鎮痛

  4. 抗驚厥

  5. 降血壓

  6. 抗心律不整

  7. 降血脂

  8. 防治動脉粥樣硬化

Chemical ingredients:

化學成分 :

Alkaloids:

sanjoinine A (frangufoline),B,D,E (nuciferine),F,G1,G2,Ia (nornuciferine),Ib (norisocorydine),K (coclaurine) (N-methylasimilobine)(zizyphusine)(caaver-ine,5- hydroxy-6-methoxynoraporphine) (amphibine D)

生物鹼:

酸棗仁鹼 A (歐鼠李葉鹼),B,D,E (荷葉鹼),F,G1,G2,Ia (原荷葉鹼),Ib (去甲異紫堇定),K (右旋的衡州烏藥鹼),N-甲基巴婆鹼,酸李鹼,5-羥基-6-甲氧基去甲阿朴啡,安木非賓鹼D

sanjoinenine

酸棗仁環肽

Triterpenoids:

三萜類:

betulinic acid

白樺脂酸

betulin白樺脂醇
ceanothic acid美洲茶酸
alphitolic acid麥珠子酸
jujuboside A,B酸棗皂甙A,B
daucosterol胡蘿卜甙

Flavonoids:

黃酮類:

spinosin (2-O-β-D-glucopyrano-   sylswertisin

斯皮諾素,(2- O-β-D-吡喃葡萄糖基當藥素)

zivulgarin

酸棗黃素

6"-p-coumaroylspinosin

6"-對香豆酰斯皮諾素

swertisin

當藥素

vicenin

6,8-二-C-葡萄糖基芹菜素

[apigenin-6-C-[(6-O-p- hydroxybenzoyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→2)]-β-D-glucopyranoside]6,8-二-C-葡萄糖基芹菜素(vicenin Ⅱ),芹菜素-6-C-
  [(6-O-對羥基苯甲酰)-β-D-吡喃葡萄糖基(1→2)]-β-D-吡喃葡萄糖甙
Other:其他:
threonine蘇氨酸
valine纈氨酸
methionine蛋氨酸
leucine亮氨酸
isoleucine異亮氨酸
lysine賴氨酸
phenylalanine苯丙氨酸
K, Na, Ca, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn鉀,鈉,鈣,鋅,鐵,銅,錳等
cGMP環鳥苷單磷酸
cAMP環腺苷單磷酸
ferulic acid阿魏酸
phytosterol植物甾醇
vitamin C維生素C

Dosage:

用量:

10~20g。Concentrated extract: 0.5 ~2 g

10~20公克。濃縮中藥:0.52 公克

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例:

suan zao ren tang 酸棗仁湯

Modern Research:

現代研究 :

to be loaded

Cautions:

禁忌:

use with caution in case of chronic diarrhea,  or in case of anxiety due to chronic bronchitis, yeast or bacterial infection.

心悸,納少,多汗者,有實邪鬱火,如濕痰邪熱所致的心神不安者 忌用及滑泄症者慎服。

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