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tie xian cai  鐵莧菜  (in English and Chinese 中英文)

Translated by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Herba Acalyphae

Botanical name:

拉丁生物學名﹕

Acalypha australis Linn.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

 

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

cheol xin chae

Pron. in Cantonese::

粵音﹕

tit3 jin6 coi3

Other Names:

別名﹕

Other names:

ren xian

人莧

xue jian chou

血見愁

hai pang han zhu

海蚌含珠

cuo dou zhuang zhen zhu

撮斗裝珍珠

ye li han zhu

葉裡含珠

ye ma cai

野麻草

deng zhan wo

燈盞窩

pinyin name, 拼音名】Tiě Xin Ci

Common Name:

文名﹕

Virginia Copperleaf. Asian copperleaf [1]

Distribution:

產地﹕

Distributed in the south of the Yangtze River, middle and lower end of Yellow River, coastal and southwest and south China provinces other regions in China; additionally, in North Korea, Vietnam, Japan, the Philippines, New York state of the United States, .

在中國分佈於長江以南,黃河中下游,沿海及西南、華南各省區;此外,朝鮮、越南、日本、菲律賓, 美國的紐約州也有。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

bitter, tart, cool.

苦、澀,涼。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

heart, lung, large intestine, small intestine.

心,肺,大腸,小腸。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

Medical function:

 In vitro tie xian cai decoction possesses antibiotic effect on several common Shigella antibacterial, especially on Shigella dysentery bacillus (2-fold dilution method in vitro). The dilution of 1:256, not only possesses bacteria inhibition effect also possesses bactericidal effect. Antibiotic effect on Shushi and Freund Shigella is less, and the antibiotic effect of Shigella sonnei bacilli is least. In vitro the tablets made ​​of tie xian cai also possesses anti Shigella effect.  In vitro, 50% tie xian cai decoction possesses various degrees of inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio cholerae, Bacillus anthracis, Shushi Shigella (using agar plate method). The antibacterial effect seems to be different on different parts of the roots, stems, and leaves, and on  different bacteria. Tie xian cai alcohol extract also possesses  antibacterial effect.

 

藥理﹕

鐵莧水煎液在體外對幾種常見的痢疾杆菌都有抗菌作用,尤其對志賀氏痢疾杆菌效果好(試管內2倍稀釋法),在稀釋度為1:256時,不但有抑菌效力,且有殺菌作用。對舒氏和弗氏痢疾杆菌作用次之,對宋內氏痢疾杆菌效果最差。以鐵莧制成的片劑,在體外亦有同樣抗痢疾杆菌之效。50%鐵莧煎劑在體外對金黃色葡萄球菌、霍亂弧菌、炭疽杆菌、舒氏痢疾杆菌有不同程度抑菌作用(瓊脂平板法);其根,莖、葉中皆含抗菌成分,但對不同細菌,用植物的不同部分其抗菌效力似有差異;鐵莧醇提物亦有同樣抗菌作用。

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

Detoxifies, improves nutrition, stops dysentery, arrests bleeding. For treatment of enteritis, dysentery, amoebic dysentery, malnutrition in children, hepatitis, malaria, vomiting blood, epistaxis, hematuria, blood in the stool, uterine bleeding; topical treatment of carbuncle sores, traumatic bleeding, eczema, dermatitis, snake bites.

清熱解毒,消積,止痢,止血。用於腸炎,細菌性痢疾,阿米巴痢疾,小兒疳積,肝炎,瘧疾,吐血,衄血,尿血,便血,子宮出血;外用治癰癤瘡瘍,外傷出血,濕疹,皮炎,毒蛇咬傷。
 

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

 

Daly Dosage:

每日用量﹕

15 to 30 g.

External use: appropriate amount. Use fresh herb. Smash and apply to affected area.

0.5~1兩。外用適量,鮮品搗爛敷患處。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

  1. Treatment of enteritis, diarrhea, vomiting blood, nose bleeding, blood in the stool, cough, asthma: dried tie xian cai 30 to 60 g. Make into decoction and take orally. (Guangzhou armed forces "Chinese Herbal Medicine Handbook")

  2. Treatment of dermatitis, eczema: wash the Jianshui outside oftie xian cai. (Guangzhou armed forces "Chinese Herbal Medicine Handbook")

  3. Treatment of traumatic bleeding: fresh tie xian cai , appropriate amount, and a little sugar. Smash and apply topically.

  4. Treatment of snake bites: tie xian cai, ban bian lian, da qing ye,  30 g each. Make into decoction and take orally. (Jiangxi Herbs)

  5. Treating traumatic wounds: tie xian cai 18 to 30 g. Make into decoction and take orally. ("Shanghai Chinese Herbal Medicine)

  6. Treatment of Infantile Malnutrition: fresh tie xian cai 30 to 60 g. Make soup with pig liver. Take orally. ("Zhejiang Folk Commonly Used Herbs")

  7. Treatment of Infantile bloating, testicular enlargement: fresh tie xian cai 30 to 60 g  products. Make into decoction. Take orally. ("Zhejiang Folk Commonly Used Herbs")

  8. Treatment of uterine bleeding: fresh tie xian cai 30 to 60 g. Smash and make juice or make into decoction. Take orally. (Northeast Chinese Herbal Medicine Handbook)

  9. Treatment of Lack of mother's milk: fresh tie xian cai15 to 30 g. or use dried herb 6 g to 9 g. make into decoction with fish. Take orally. (Northeast Chinese Herbal Medicine Handbook)

  10. Treatment of scarlet fever, eczema: fresh tie xian cai, smash and make juice. Apply to affected area. ("Guizhou medicine")

  11. Treatment of asthma or coughing up blood:  fresh tie xian cai 30 g. Make into decoction and take orally. ("Guizhou medicine")

  12. Treatment of necrosis fistula: dried tie xian cai dry 60 to 90 g, dried gou er cha  (rhizome berchemia) 60 g. Simmer with wine and water. Take orally.  (Fujian Chinese Herbal Medicine)

 

治腸炎,痢疾,吐血,衄血,便血,咳嗽氣喘:鐵莧乾品一至二兩。水煎服。(廣州部隊《常用中草藥手冊》)

治皮炎,濕疹:鐵莧煎水外洗。(廣州部隊《常用中草藥手冊》)

治外傷出血:鮮鐵莧菜適量,白糖少許。搗爛外敷。

治蛇咬傷:鐵莧菜、半邊蓮大青葉各一兩。水煎服。《江西草藥》

治跌打創傷:血見愁(鐵莧菜) 六錢至-兩。水煎服。《上海常用中草藥》

治小兒疳積:鮮鐵莧菜一至二兩,和豬肝煎汁服。《浙江民間常用草藥》

治小兒腹脹,睪丸腫大:鐵莧菜鮮品一至二兩。水煎服。《浙江民間常用草藥》

治子宮出血:鐵莧菜鮮品一至二兩。搗汁服或水煎服。《東北常用中草藥手冊》

治乳汁不足:鐵莧菜鮮晶五錢至一兩,或乾品二至三錢。煎水,煮魚服。《東北常用中草藥手冊》

治丹疹,濕疹:燈盞窩(鐵莧菜)搗絨,取汁外擦。《貴州草藥》

治哮喘或咳血:燈盞窩(鐵莧菜)二兩。煎水服。《貴州草藥》

治附骨疽瘘管:鐵莧菜乾品二至三兩,勾兒茶乾根莖二兩。酒、水煎服。《福建中草藥》

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Toxicity & Cautions:

毒素與禁忌﹕

 Do not use during pregnancy. Those who are old or weak with qi deficient should use less.

"孕婦忌用,老弱 氣虛者少用。" 《泉州本草》

 

中文摘錄:《全國中草藥匯編》

[1] http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ACAU6

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Last update: Sept 28, 2013; 9:15 P.m. LAH