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中藥詞典    Chinese Herb Dictionary      

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zhu ling 豬苓    (in English and Chinese 中英文)
 
by: Joe Hing kwok Chu 

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Sclerotium polypori Umbrellati

Biological name:

拉丁文學名﹕

Polyporus umbellatus(Pers.)Fries

Grifola Umbellata (pers.ex.fr) pilat.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

chorei

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

cheyyong

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

zyu1  ling4

Other Names:

別名﹕

zhi ling 知 苓﹐zhu ling 朱苓﹐tun yao 豕橐﹐

ye xhu shi 野豬屎﹐di wu tao 地烏桃,

feng shu ling 楓樹苓, hei zhu fen 黑猪粪。

Common Name:

英文名﹕

agaric, umbellate pore fungus, polyporus sclerotium.

Distribution:

產地﹕

Mainly produced in Shaanxi, Hebei, Yunnan provinces.

主產於中國陝西﹐河北 ﹐雲南等地。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

sweet, bland, neutral.

甘﹐淡,平。

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

kidney, bladder.

歸腎﹐膀胱經。

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

1. diuretic effect: hypodermic injection on white mice and

white rats or the water decoction of this herb did not have

diuretic effect.[1]

2. the diuretic effect is from the chemical ingredient ergone,

which can vary from habitat to habitat [2]

3. anti tumor effect  hot water decoction of this herb possesses anti murine cancer cell line S-180. Its main effective ingredient is β -1, 3-glucan

4. anti HBV effect. The anti HBV effect is stronger when combine with dan shen [3]

 

 1.利 尿 作 用 -- 本 品 水 抽 取 物 對 小 白 鼠 或 大 白 鼠 經 口 給 藥 或 皮 下

注 射 無 利 尿 作 用 。【1】

2. 利尿作用的化學成份麥角酰胺,因產地不同而含量相差很大 【2】

3. 抗 腫 瘍 作 用 -- 本 品 熱 水 抽 取 物 對 小 白 鼠 有 抗 肉 瘤 S-180 作 用 , 主 要 作 用 成 分 為 β -1, 3-聚 葡 糖 ( β -1, 3-glucan ) 。 【1】

4. 抗乙型肝炎病毒;如配合丹參其抗乙型肝炎病毒的作用會增強【3】

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

for edema, edema caused by pyelitis, difficulty in urination, painful urination, acute inflammation of the urethra, leukorrhea, thirst due to heat type of sickness, diarrhea.

水腫,腎盂炎水腫,小便不利,尿痛,急性尿道炎, 糖尿病,白濁帶下,熱性病口渴,泄瀉。

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

麥角酰胺 (ergone)

麥角固醇 ( ergosterol )

α - 羥基廿 四醇酸 ( α - hydroxy-tetracosanoic acid )

生物素 ( biotin )

多糖類  (polysacharin)

蛋白質 (protein)

Dosage:

用量﹕

10 to 20 g. Concentrated extract: 0.5 to 2 g.

10~20公克 ;濃縮中藥:0.52公 克。

Samples of formulae:

處方舉例﹕

wu ling san 五苓散

zhu ling san 豬苓散

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

Content of ergone in P. umbellatus varied significantly from habitat to habitat with contents ranging from 2.130.02 to 59.170.05 g/g.[2]

豬苓的利尿作用的化學成份麥角酰胺,因產地不同而含量相差很大 。其含量由2.130.02 to 59.170.05 g/g.[2]

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

do not use when there is no symptoms of damp-heat

.無濕 熱者忌用。

[1]http://tcam.ccmp.gov.tw/meun_know_1_content.asp?aaa=283

 

[1] 中華民國,臺灣省,行政院,衞生署, 中藥委員會。

[2] Pharmazie 2009 Vol. 64 No. 6 pp. 366-370 ; ISSN 0031-7144

[3] Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine 1993 Sep;13(9):533-5, 516-7.

[3] 中國中西醫結合雜誌,1993 年,九月 13日(9)533-5. 516-7

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