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lu sha 磠砂  (Sal Ammoniacus)

By: Joe Hing Kwok Chu

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Sal Ammoniacus (ammonium chloride crystals)
Chemical names:

化學名﹕

ammonium chloride crystals

sodium chloride crystals

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

 
Pron. in Korean:

高麗發音﹕

no sa
Pron. in Cantonese:

廣東音﹕

lou5 saa1
Other Names:

別名﹕

  1. zi qi sha 紫砌砂 is the purplish color crystalized salt, also called hong qi sha 紅砌砂.
  2. ammonium chloride crystals is called bai lu sha .

 

  1. 紫色石鹽礦石稱紫砌砂,亦稱紅砌砂;
  2. 氯化氨礦石稱白砂。
Common Name:

英語﹕

  1. purplish color crystalized sodium chloride ( hong qi sha, or zi qi sha).
  2. ammonium chloride crystals  ( bai lu sha).

 

Distribution:

分佈﹕

Qinghai, Gansu, Xinjiang province of China.

產于青海﹐甘肅﹐新疆等地。

Properties (characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

salty, bitter, acrid, wet, toxic

咸﹐苦﹐辛,湿,有毒。

Channels (meridians) entered:

歸經﹕

liver, spleen, stomach

肝﹐脾﹐胃。

Actions & Indications:

主治﹕

Actions & Indications:
  1. Boils and hardened soft tissue: lu sha, chuan shan jia, xue yu, huang dan, and make into ointment for external use.
  2. Tumors of human papilloma virus ( HPV)  on external ears: lu sha, xiong huang , qing fen, equal amount, make into powder for external use.
  3. Acute toncillitis: lu sha, yuan ming fen , equal amount, make into powder and blow into affected areas.
  4. Tumors: lu sha, cang zhu, hou po, chen pi, gan cao, make into decoction

作用﹕軟堅消腫﹐消積化瘀。
主治﹕
瘡瘍癰疽﹐軟組織硬化:可與山甲﹐血餘﹐黃丹等配成軟膏外用。

外耳道乳頭狀瘤 (尖頭濕疣) :可與雄黃﹐輕粉等研末,局部外用。

急性扁桃體炎:可與元明粉等量研末,少許吹患處。

癌腫:可與蒼術﹐厚朴﹐陳皮﹐甘草等配伍應用。
 

Medical Function:

藥理:

  1. rids of bruises and swellings
  2. increases mucus secretion of bronchi
  3. stimulates the activities of stomach and intestines and the secretion
  4. promotes urination
  5. anti-tumor effect

 

  1. 軟堅消腫﹐消積化瘀﹐
  2. 增加支氣管粘液的分泌﹐
  3. 刺激胃腸蠕動和分泌﹐
  4. 有利尿作用﹐
  5. 抗腫瘤作用。
     
Chemical Ingredients:

化學成份:

  1. zi qi sha: mainly contains NaCl.
  2. bai qi sha mainly contains NH4Cl

This herb is the crystal salt of chlorides.

  1. 紫砌砂主含氯化鈉 (NaCl);
  2. 白砌砂主含氯化氨(NH4Cl)。

本品为卤化物類礦物砌砂的晶體。

Dosage:

用量﹕

0.3 to 0.6 g, in pill forms or powder form. Use appropiate amount in external uses.

0.3 ~ 0.6 克 ,入丸﹐散劑。外用適量。

Commonly Used formulae:

常用配方:

bu jin wan 補金丸

See Action and Application    看主治條

 

Modern Research: 
Cautions:

禁忌﹕

 

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Last update: Mar 10, 2009; 2:55 a.m. LAH