jun da cai 君達菜
by: Joe Hing kwok Chu
|Herba Betae vulgaris|
|Beta vulgaris var.cicla |
Pron. in Japanese:
Pron. in Korean:
|gwan1 daat6 coi3|
(sweet vegetable) 甜菜，|
jia mo cai,
jun da cai
niu pi cai
those with red stems and leaves are called hong bing tian cai or huo yan cai莖葉紅色者稱紅柄菾菜或火焰菜。
|chard, Swiss chard, silver beet, perpetual
spinach, garden beet, table beet|
Channels (meridians) entered:
Actions & Indications:
|External use: for treatment of boils. Smash leave and apply to affected areas.|
As food: being used in infection, like itchy rash on the skin, constipation, red eyes, bitter taste and bad smell in the mouth.
It is used as a hypoglycemic agent by diabetic
patients in Turkey.
water 93.9%, protein 1.4%, fat 0.2%, sugar 3.7%, fiber 0.8%, vitamin A, C, phosphorus,
oxalic acid, sodium, iron.
nutritional table. 看美國農業部之营養表。
|Use as vegetable for eating.
For external use: appropriate amount..|
Samples of formulae:
Effects of chard (Beta
vulgaris L. var. cicla) extract on oxidative injury in the aorta and heart
of streptozotocin-diabetic rats.
Journal of medicinal food 2002;5(1):.
In diabetes mellitus, increased free radical
formation raises the incidence of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular
diseases. Regardless of the type of diabetes, the objective of the therapy
is to achieve normoglycemia and to prevent or delay the complications.
Chard (Beta vulgaris L. var. cicla) is used as a hypoglycemic agent by
diabetic patients in Turkey. The aim of this study was to investigate the
effect of feeding chard on diabetes-induced free radical-mediated injury
in rat aorta and heart tissues. Female Swiss albino rats were randomly
divided into four groups: control, diabetic, chard, and diabetic + chard.
Rats were subjected to intraperitoneal streptozotocin (STZ, 65 mg/kg) to
induce diabetes. Chard extract (2 g/kg) was given for 28 days beginning on
the 14th day of the study. Aorta and heart tissue lipid peroxidation and
glutathione levels as well as blood glucose levels were determined. The
results of the present study indicate that lipid peroxidation was
increased and glutathione levels were decreased in both aorta and heart
tissue of the diabetic rats. However, treatment with chard extract
reversed the effects of diabetes on blood glucose and tissue lipid
peroxidation and glutathione levels.
Toxicity & Cautions:
|Not to use in cases of pixu (spleen deficient) with diarrhea.
All parts of this plant contain oxalic acid. People who are prone to have
kidney stones, or diabetes, or osteoporosis should avoid it.|
Lipid peroxidation refers to the oxidative degradation of lipids. It is the
process whereby free radicals replace electrons from the lipids in cell
membranes, and damaging the cells.
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Sept 30, 2009; 3:25