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ya ma (flax seed) 亞麻仁 (in English and Chinese 中英文)

flax root  亞麻根

by: Joe Hing kwok Chu

Present Day Applications:

現代應用﹕

anti-cancer: slows the cancer cell growth in breast cancer ;

preventing cardiovascular diseases and cerebral vascular diseases.

for chronic inflammation therapy.

防癌﹕抑制乳癌細胞繁殖。按 此看英文版報告。

防心脑血管病

治療慢性炎症

Pharmaceutical name:

英文藥名﹕

Semen lini

Biological name:

拉丁文學名﹕

Linum usitatissimum L.

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音﹕

ama

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音﹕

amasi

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

aa3 maa4 jan4 (亞 麻仁)

aa3 maa4 gan1 (亞 麻根)

Other Names:

別名﹕

hu ma zi 胡麻子,da hu ma 大胡 麻

Common Name:

英文名﹕

flax seed

Distribution:

產地﹕

most part of China. 40% of world production is in Canada.

廣布全中國各地。 加拿大生產世界總產量的40%。

Properties

(characteristics)﹕

性味﹕

 

Channels (meridians) entered:

 

歸經﹕

Medical functions:

藥理﹕

 

Ya ma ren (flax seed) and its root contain large amount of lignan which is a strong anti-oxidant and can inhibit the production of  harmful carcinogenic substances.

Anti-cancer of the intestine effect:: ya ma ren (flax seed) contains large amount of soluble fiber which can reduce the toxicity of the digested substances and speed up the secretion of the feces, thus reducing the duration of the time of stimulating substance on the mucous membrane of the intestine.

Ya ma root can help the function of the kidneys to excrete toxins.

Ya ma root contains large amount of omega -3 fatty acid which can lower blood lipids and lower the LDL in the blood and can reduce arteriosclerosis.

Ya ma inhibits the growth of the prostate cells. In vitro studies showed that the lignan of the ya ma ren (flax seed) can inhibit the growth of the cells of the prostate gland itself.

亞麻和 其根部含大量的木酚素 (lignan) 。具有很强的抗氧化特性,能有效遏 制促使癌生成的有害化學物 質。

對防治 腸癌的作用﹕富含纤维素,可减輕腸道中消化物產生的不良影响﹐加快腸道中廢物的排泄,减 短對腸内黏膜有剌激性的物質在腸道中停留的时间。

亞麻根 有助于腎臟的排毒功能 。

亞麻根 富含的脂肪酸,可降低血脂,低血液中的低密度胆固醇 (LDL)﹐治疗血管硬化。

控制攝護腺細胞生長。 體外的實驗證明 亞麻仁木酚素(lignan)可 以控制攝護腺細胞本身之生長。

Actions & Uses:

主治﹕

  1. Improves bowel movement

  2. Lowers blood lipids.

  3. Seed must be ground for consumption because of the tough seed coat that is indigestible. The ground-up seeds should be taken with water since the mucilage absorbs 5 times the weight of the seed.

  4. It is not advisable to use flax seed in baked food since the fatty acid omega-3 cannot withstand high heat and can become carcinogenic.

Chemical ingredients:

化學成份﹕

 

Quantity of chemical ingredients per 100 grams of ya ma ren (flax seed)---(when weights are shown)﹕

每100克 之亞麻仁﹐含有以下各物質之重量﹕


Amino Acids: 26,000 mg  總氨 基酸 26克

Leucine

亮氨酸

Lysine

賴氨酸; 離氨酸; 二氨基己酸

Isoleucine

異白氨酸; 異亮氨酸

Valine

纈氨酸

Threonine

蘇氨酸

Methionine

甲硫氨酸

Phenylalanine

苯丙氨酸; 苯基丙氨酸

Tryptophan

色氨酸


Carbohydrates: 14,000 mg

Mucilage

12,000 mg  黏液

Glycosides 

甙,又稱配糖體或苷

Lignan  80 mg

木酚素

Enterodiol

腸二醇

Enterolactone

腸內酯

Matairesinol

羅漢松脂酚

Secoisolariciresinol

二異落葉松脂素


Total Lipids: 34,000 mg   總脂 質 ﹕ 34 克

Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids:

不飽和脂肪酸

Linoleic Acid 4,318 mg

4,318 mg 亞油酸

Monounsaturated Fatty Acids: 6,868 mg.

單元不飽和 脂肪酸

Oleic Acid 6,868 mg

 6,868 mg 油酸

a-Linolenic Acid 18,122 mg

18,122 mg a-亞麻脂酸

Saturated Fatty Acids: 3,196 mg﹕

3,196 mg 飽和脂肪酸﹕

Palmitic Acid: 1,802 mg

1,802 mg 棕櫚酸

Stearic Acid 1,394 mg

1,394 mg 硬酯酸


Minerals: 4,000 mg        礦物質﹕4 克

Potassium 740 mg

740 mg  鉀

Phosphorus 700 mg

700 mg 磷

Magnesium 380 mg

380 mg 鎂

Calcium 199 mg

199 mg 鈣

Sulfur 210 mg

210 mg 硫

Sodium 46 mg

46 mg 鈉

Iron 7.7 mg

7.7 mg 鐵

Zinc 5.7 mg

5.7 mg 鋅

Manganese , trace amount

錳﹐微量

Silicon , trace amount

硅﹐ 微量

Copper , trace amount

銅﹐微量

Nickel , trace amount

鎳﹐微量

Cobalt , trace amount

鈷﹐微量

Iodine , trace amount

碘﹐微量

Molybdenum , trace amount

鉬﹐微量

Chromium , trace amount

鉻﹐微量

 

Vitamins:

維生素

Vitamin E

維生素 E

Vitamin B1

維生素 B1

Vitamin B2

維生素 B2

Vitamin C

維生素 C

Folic Acid: 0.278 mg

0.278 mg 葉酸

                        

Other:

其他﹕

Isoflavone

異黃酮素

Linamarin

亞麻苦甙

Tannin

鞣酸

Chlorine 43 mg

43 mg 氯

Fluorine,  trace amount

氟﹐微量

Water 9 grams

9 克水


Flax Seeds are the highest dietary source of  lignan. They contain 75 times the quantity of  Lignan compared to the other plants that contain next highest source of Plant Lignan. The majority of the Plant lignan component of flax seeds is located in the outer husk of the Flax Seed .

 

Dosage Per Day:

每日用量﹕

15 ~ 30 克。

(每克亞麻仁含 a-亞麻脂酸與4克黏液。)

1 - 3 heaping tablespoons (15 to 30g) per day.

(One tablespoon (20 ml or ~ 10 g) of flax seeds contains 4 grams of
a-linolenic acid and 4 g of mucilage).

Samples of formulae

:處方舉例﹕

For high level of  low-density lipoprotein (LDL): ya ma root 50 g. Make into decoction. Take it every day for 4 weeks. The LDL may lower 8%.

低密度胆固醇過高﹕亞麻根50克。煎湯。連續四周可 使低密度胆固醇 (LDL) 降低8%。

Modern Research:

現代研究﹕

 

Cautions:

禁忌﹕

Omega-3 is a highly unstable fat and can become rancid quickly and become carcinogenic. Do not use flax seed oil for deep fat frying because omega-3 cannot stand high heat. Store flax seed and flax oil in black container and refrigerate. Discard seed or oil that smells fishy or rancid, because that smell signals toxicity.

Seed should be washed before using to avoid the mold , Aspergillus niger,  which is toxic for the respiration system and the mold , Aspergillus flavus,  which is toxic for the liver.  These molds are commonly found in grains and are extremely toxic.

 

Linamarin, after hydrolysis, can release free hydrogen cyanide acid, which can suffocate and poison the cells.

亞麻苦甙(linamarin) ,經水解後可析出游 離態的氢氰酸,致組織细胞窒息中毒。

 

A diet rich in flax seed seems to reduce the size, aggressiveness and severity of tumors in mice that have been genetically engineered to develop prostate cancer, according to new research from Duke University Medical Center. And in 3 percent of the mice the flax seed diet kept them from getting the disease at all. (From news release issued by Duke University Medical Center).

 

 

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Last update: Oct 4, 2013; 10 p.m. LAH